The Functions of a Pristine Estuarine Ecosystem
The science of ecology has made remarkable advances in the past years. Numerous factors have helped nurture and stimulate ecology’s exponential growth. Societal awareness of the rapid deterioration of the planet earth’s environment has certainly placed a demand upon the ecological community to answer questions and to develop new hypotheses on how organisms, including the human species, interact with their complex abiotic environment. Not only have ecologists become more aware of how a single organism struggles to survive but, very importantly, ecologists are striving to understand how biotic systems involving communities of organisms cope not only in response to ‘normal’ environmental changes but also in response to man-induced perturbations. This systems approach, although not new to science, has recently focused on the structure and function of the various components of an ecosystem with ever-increasing vigor.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Archer, J.H. (1982) The concept of coastal zone management. In N.L. Chao and W. Kirby-Smith (eds), Int. symp. utilization of coastal ecosystems: Planning, pollution and productivity. Universidade de Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS. Brazil, pp. 27–38Google Scholar
- The Global 2000 Report to the President (1980) A Report Prepared by the Council on Environmental Quality and the Department of State. Volume 2. US Government Printing Office: 1980 c-256752, 766 pp.Google Scholar
- Ketchum, B.H. (1972) The water’s edge: Critical problems of the coastal zone. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, Mass., 393 pp.Google Scholar
- Vernberg, F.J. and Vernberg, W.B. (1974) Pollution and physiology of marine organisms. Academic Press, New York, 492 pp.Google Scholar