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Role of Coastal Marshes in Energy Dissipation and Shore Protection

  • Paul L. Knutson

Abstract

Many investigators have suggested that coastal marshes absorb wave energy and reduce erosion on estuarine shorelines (Gosselink, Odum and Pope, 1974; Rosen, 1980; Knutson, Brochu, Seelig and Inskeep, 1982). Others have concluded that with the use of agricultural techniques, marshes can often be established on shorelines where natural processes have failed to produce plant cover. Marshes established in this manner may greatly increase shore stability and reduce erosion (Phillips and Eastman, 1959; Sharp and Vaden, 1970; Woodhouse, Seneca and Broome, 1974, 1976; Dodd and Webb, 1975; Garbisch, Woller and McCallum, 1975; Knutson, Ford, Inskeep and Oyler, 1981; Webb, Allen and Shirley, 1984).

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© Donal D. Hook 1988

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  • Paul L. Knutson

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