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Muonic Atoms

  • S. Devons
  • I. Duerdoth

Abstract

The name muonic atom is used to designate a system which consists essentially of a single negative muon μbound to a single atomic nucleus. The term atom implies a similarity with the familiar electronic counterpart, i.e., a system of one nucleus and one or more electrons, whose essential feature is an interaction between electrons and nucleus which is predominantly electromagnetic and can be almost completely described by the electromagnetic properties of the nucleus as a whole. To the extent that this is so, the atomic properties—the motion of the electrons relative to the whole nucleus and each other—are independent of the internal motions of the nuclear constituents. The interaction between muon and nucleus in the muonic atom is likewise essentially electromagnetic (while the muonic atom exists), and, to some degree and in many circumstances, this interaction can be treated as if with the nucleus as a whole. It is this similarity that justifies the term muonic atom and results in the analysis of muonic atoms in terms quite similar to those used for their atomic counterpart, which is a hydrogenlike (single-electron) atom. But this similarity is based on a simplification, the approximate independence of atomic and nuclear degrees of freedom, and, because of the very different atomic energy scale, the validity of this approximation is very markedly different in the two cases. Indeed, it is in those features of muonic atoms where this approximation is invalid that one observes some of their most interesting properties and where the difference between ordinary and muonic atoms is most pronounced.

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© Plenum Press 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Devons
  • I. Duerdoth

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