Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Fluid Water
The engineers of remotest antiquity provided water for their cities. In the Middle Ages the use of water mills flourished in Europe. In these activities practical knowledge of the properties of water—density, volatility, and viscosity—preceded the development of scientific understanding. Similarly, Watt patented the condenser, making the steam engine practical, in 1769, before the discovery of the compound nature of water, shown by Cavendish in 1781, and well before the development of thermodynamics in the nineteenth century.
KeywordsTransport Property Liquid Water Virial Coefficient Isothermal Compressibility Dielectric Relaxation Time
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