Some Characteristics of Orienting Reflexes

  • Irving Maltzman


“My principal thesis today will be that the input is never into a quiescent or static system, but always into a system which is already actively excited and organized. In the intact organism behavior is the result of interaction of this background of excitation with input from any designated stimulus. Only when we can state the general characteristics of this background of excitation, can we understand the effects of a given input” (Lashley, 1951, p.112).


Classical Conditioning Task Instruction Serial Order Orienting Reflex Dominant Focus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irving Maltzman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUCLALos AngelesUSA

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