Social Environment and Stress: A Study of Psychiatric and Psychosomatic Patients and their Families
There is mounting evidence to suggest that persons subject to stress suffer less damaging effects if they receive social support. The relationship between social support and stress has been most clearly demonstrated in psychiatric disorders (Flaherty et al., 1983; Syme, 1983). Concurrently, the application of family therapy methods to treatment of psychiatric disorders has led several groups of investigators (Minuchin, 1978) to examine the relationship between certain family characteristics (i.e. lack of conflict resolution, enmeshment, rigidity, etc.), and certain conditions with psychosomatic components such as anorexia nervosa, diabetes mellitus and bronchial asthma. Thus far empirical support for these propositions is lacking and properly controlled studies are absent from the literature.
KeywordsAnorexia Nervosa Family Structure Eating Disorder Anorexic Patient Achievement Orientation
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