Advertisement

Chemistry and Breeding of Cruciferous Vegetables

  • Paul H. Williams
Part of the Recent Advances in Phytochemistry book series (RAPT, volume 14)

Abstract

The Cruciferae are represented by a number of genera and species of economic importance as crops, ornamentals and weeds. Among the crucifers, brassicas, Brassica sp. and radishes Raphanus sativus are of considerable importance as vegetables, sources of edible and industrial oils, animal feeds, green manure and condiments.21 Among the brassicas are six interrelated species, three of which are diploid, B. nigra (n = 8), B. oleracea (n = 9), B. campestrf (n = 10) and three of which represent the amphi-diploid derivatives of the diploids, B. carinata (n = 17), B. juncea (n = 18) and B. napus (n = 19) (Yarnell, 1956). Radish has a haploid genome 9 chromosomes (n = 9) (Table 1, Figure 1).

Keywords

Male Sterility Chinese Cabbage Cruciferous Vegetable Clubroot Resistance Ferous Vegetable 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bannerot, H., L. Loulidard, Y. Cauderon and J. Tempe. 1974. Transfer of cytoplasmic male sterility from Raphanus sativus to Brassica oleracea, pp. 52–54. In: Cruciferae, 1974. Proc. Meeting Veg. Crops. Sec., Eucarpia. Sept. 1974.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Butcher, D.N., S. El-Tigani and D.S. Ingram. 1974. The role of indole glucosinolates in the club root disease of the Cruciferae. Physiol. Plant Path. 4: 127–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Daxenbichler, M.E. and C.H. Van Etten. 1977. Glucosinolates and derived products in cruciferous vegetables. Gas-liquid chromatographic determination of the aglucone derivatives from cabbage. J. Assn. Off. Anal. Chem. 60: 950–953.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Daxenbichler, M.E., C.H. Van Etten and G.F. Spencer. 1977. Glucosinolates and derived products in cruciferous vegetables. Identification of organic nitriles from cabbage. J. Agr. Food Chem. 25: 121–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Daxenbichler, M.E., C.H. Van Etten and P.H. Williams. 1979. Glucosinolates and derived products from cruciferous vegetables. Analysis of 14 varieties of Chinese cabbage. J. Agr. Food Chem. 27: 34–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hanson, C.H. (ed.) 1974. The effect of FDA Regulations (GRAS) on plant breeding and processing. Spec. Pub. No. 5. Crop Sci. Soc. of America, Madison, WI, 63 pp.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Heyn, F.W. 1976. Transfer of restorer genes from Raphanus to cytoplasmic male sterile Brassica napus. Eucarpia, Cruciferae Newsletter 1: 15–16.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Karpechenko, G.D. 1924. Hybrids of Raphanus sativus L. X Brassica oleracea L. J. of Genetics 14: 375–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lammerink, J. 1970. Interspecific transfer of clubroot resistance from Brassica campestris L. to B. napus L. New Zealand J. Agr. Res. 13: 105–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lewis, J.A. and G.C. Papavizas. 1971. Effect of sulfur-containing volatile compounds and vapors from cabbage decomposition on Aphanomyces euteiches of peas. Phytopathology 61: 208–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lichtenstein, E.P., D.G. Morgan and C.H. Mueller. 1964. Naturally occurring insecticides in cruciferous crops. J. Agr. Food Chem. 12: 158–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    MacLean, A.J. 1976. Volatile flavour compounds of the cruciferae, pp. 307–330. In: ( J.G. Vaughan et al., eds.) The Biology and Chemistry of the Cruciferae. Academic Press (London, 355 pp.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    McNaughton, I.H. and C.L. Ross. 1978. Inter-specific and inter-generic hybridization in the Brassicae with special emphasis on the improvement of forage crops. Scottish Plant Breeding Stat. Ann. Rept. 57: 75–110.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Morinaga, T. 1934. Interspecific hybridization in Brassica VI. The cytology of F1 hybrids of B. juncea and B. nigra. Cytologia 6: 62–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ogura, H. 1968. Studies on the new male sterility in Japanese radish with special reference to utilization of this sterility toward the practical raising of hybrid seeds. Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 6: 39–78.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pearson, O.H. 1972. Cytoplasmically inherited male sterility characters and flavor components from the species cross Brassica nigra (L.) Koch X B. oleracea L. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 97: 397–402.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    U. N. 1935. Genome-analysis in Brassica with special reference to the experimental formation of B. napus and peculiar mode of fertilization. Japan J. Bot. 7: 389–452.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Van Etten, C.H. and I.A. Wolff. 1973. Natural sulfur compounds, pp. 210–234. In: Toxicants Occurring Naturally in Foods ( 2nd ed.) Committee on Food Protection, Nat’l. Acad. Sci., Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Van Etten, C.H., M.E. Daxenbichler, W.F. Kwolek and P.H. Williams. 1979. Glucosinolates and derived products in crruciferous vegetables: Distribution of glucosinolates in the pith, cambial - cortex, and leaves of the head in cabbage, Brassica oleracea L. J. Agr. Food Chem. 27 (in press).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Van Etten, C.H., M.E. Daxenbichler, P.H. Williams and W.F. Kwolek. 1976. Glucosinolates and derived products in cruciferous vegetables. Analysis of the edible part in twenty-two varieties of cabbage. J. Agr. Food Chem. 24: 452–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vaughan, J.G., A.J. MacLeod and B.M.G. Jones (eds.) 1976. The Biology and Chemistry of the Cruciferae. Academic Press (London), 355 pp.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wattenberg, L.W. 1978. Inhibition of chemical carcinogenesis. J. Nat’l. Cancer Inst. 60: 11–18.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yarnell, S.H. 1956. Cytogenetics of vegetable crops. II Crucifers. Bot. Rev. 22: 81–166.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul H. Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations