Energy-rich plant products useful as substitutes, supplements or complements of petrochemicals are now generally called botanochemicals (a term coined by the USDA public information officer, Dean Mayberry). Botanochemicals include substances which can be extracted directly from plants (primary botanochemicals) and those made by conversion of insoluble saccharides or lignocelluloses (secondary or derived botanochemicals). Primary botanochemicals include products such as naval stores (pine chemicals), tall-oil products (paper-pulping byproducts), oils for industrial uses, waxes, tannins, rubber, and gutta percha. Traditional secondary botanochemicals include furfural and ethanol. Potential new botanochemicals include latex- or whole-plant oils, guayule rubber, grass gutta, polyphenols, specialty seed oils, and such potential lignocellulose conversion products as methane, fuel alcohol, and various other fermentation-produced fuels and chemical intermediates.
KeywordsNatural Rubber Oleyl Alcohol Phalaris Canariensis Polyphenol Fraction Naval Store
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