Ethological Concepts and Human Development

  • Wagner H. Bridger


In this paper I shall first present a general discussion of the relationship between ethology and human development, then describe a comparative psychophysiological approach, and finally give an account of some of my own research.


Heart Rate Level Oral Stimulation Satiate State Nonnutritional Sucking Sucking Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Lorenz, K.: The comparative method in studying innate behavior patterns. in Symposium of the Society for Experimental Biology, Vol. I V, Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1950.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lorenz, K.: [The objectivistic theory of instinct]. In L’Instinct dans le Comportement des Animaux et de l’Homme, Masson and Cie, Paris, 1956.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lorenz, K.: in Discussion on child development. In World Health Organization Study Group on Psychobiological Development of the Child, 1953–1956, International Univ. Press, New York.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lorenz, K.: King Solomon’s Ring, Crowell, New York, 1952.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tinbergen, N.: The Study of Instincts, Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 1951.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lehrman, D.: A critique of Konrad Lorenz’s theory of instinctive behavior, Quart. Rev. Biol. 28: 337, 1953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Moltz, H. Imprinting: empirical basis and theoretical significance, Psychol. Bull. 57: 291, 1960.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schneirla, T. C.: The concept of development in comparative psychology, in Harris, D., Ed: The Concept of Development, Univ. Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 1957.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Birch, H.: The pertinence of animal investigations for a science of human behavior, Am. J. Orthopsychiat. 31: 267, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rosenblatt, J. S., and Aronson, L. R.: The decline of sexual behavior in male cats after castration with special reference to the role of prior sexual experience, Behavior 12: 285, 1958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Toback, Ethel: Eliminative responses in mice and rats and the problem of “emotionality.” In Bliss, E. Ed.: Roots of Behavior, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., New York, in press.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hebb, D. O.: Drives and the C.N.S., Psychol. Rev. 62: 243, 1955.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bindra, D.: Motivation, Ronald Press, New York, 1959.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hinde, R.: Concept of drives. In Brazier, M., Ed: The Central Nervous System and Behavior, Trans. Third Conf., Josiah Macy, Jr. Found., New York, 1960.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ostow, M.: Psychoanalysis and ethology, J. Am. Psychoanal. Assoc. 7: 533, 1960.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bowlby, J.: Nature of the child’s tie to its mother, Internat. J. Psycho-Anal. 39:350, 1958Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schur, M.: Animal research: psychoanalyst’s comments, Am. J. Orthopsychiat. 31: 276, 1961.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schur, M.: Discussion of Dr. John Bowlby’s Paper, Psychoanal. Study Child 15: 63, 1960.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schneirla, T. C.: Ant learning as a problem in comparative psychology, in Harrisman, P., Ed.: Twentieth Century Psychology, Philosophical Library, New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Beach, F.: A review of physiological and psychological studies of sexual behavior in mammals, Physiol. Rev. 27: 240, 1947.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Money, J., Hampson, Joan G., and Hampson, J. L.: An examination of some basic sexual concepts: the evidence of human hermaphroditism, Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp. 97: 30, 1955.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bridger, W.: Signal systems in the development of cognitive functions. In Brazier, M., Ed.: Central Nervous System and Behavior, Trans. Third Cont. Josiah Macy, Jr. Found., New York, 1960.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Razran, G.: The observable unconscious and the inferable conscious in current Soviet psychophysiology, Psychol. Rev. 68: 81, 1961.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Davis, H. V., Sears, R., Miller, H. C., and Brodbeck, A. J.: Effects of cup, bottle, and breast feeding on oral activities of children, Pediatrics 2: 549, 1948.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Harlow, H.: in Current Theory and Research in Motivation: A Symposium, Univ. and Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 1953.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bridger, W and Reiser, M.: Psychophysiologic studies of the neonate, Psychosom. Med. 21: 265, 1959.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Peiper, A.: Die Eigenart der kindlichen Hirntaetigkeit, Leipzig, 1956.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Birns, Beverly: ref. in Bridger, W.: Sensory and autonomic function of the neonate, J. Acad. Child Psychiat., in press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press Inc. 1962

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wagner H. Bridger

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations