Ethology and Psychology

  • Daniel S. Lehrman


The study of animal behavior has, in recent years, developed along two different lines representing, for the most part, the activities of two different groups of scientists, formulating problems in somewhat different ways, and deriving their interest in animal behavior from somewhat different sources. Psychologists use the term “comparative psychology” to designate those of their number, mostly in the United States, whose primary interest is in the study of the behavior of animals, rather than that of human beings. “Ethology” is the term used primarily by zoologists to designate those of their number, mostly in Europe, whose primary interest is in the study of the behavior of animals, rather than in the other aspects of their biology. While it is not possible to make absolutely sharp distinctions between these two groups of workers, with their respective activities, it is the purpose of this paper to describe the general characteristics of ethology and to point out some similarities and differences between it and comparative psychology.


Animal Behavior Behavior Pattern Comparative Psychology Herring Gull Instinctive Behavior 
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© Plenum Press Inc. 1962

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  • Daniel S. Lehrman

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