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Monomolecular Reactions

  • E. T. Denisov

Abstract

A simple and widely used method for measuring rate constants is the calculation of k from the kinetic curve of starting material consumption. Monomolecular decomposition is described by an exponential law, C = Coe−kt or ln(Co/C) = kt. The constant is found from the slope of the straight line plotted on coordinates of log Co vs. t. It is evident that k should not depend on Co. Nevertheless, in some cases, along with the monomolecular decomposition, an induced decomposition occurs. For example, benzoyl peroxide in certain solvents decomposes monomolecularly with a velocity kC, and under the action of free radicals with a velocity k’C3/2 (k’ is the effective rate constant of the induced decomposition).

Keywords

Benzoyl Peroxide Nitro Compound Isobutyric Acid Cage Effect Decomposition Rate Constant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© IFI/Plenum Data Company 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. T. Denisov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Chemical PhysicsMoscowUSSR

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