The Affirmational Versus Negational Self-Concepts

  • William J. McGuire
  • Claire V. McGuire


This study focuses on differences between affirmational and negational thinking, that is, on asymmetries between thinking about a thing in terms of what it is versus what it is not. A priori logical analysis suggests a simple mirror-image symmetrical correspondence between the two, but empirical studies usually reveal complex, asymmetrical differences. We are reporting here an investigation of asymmetries between affirmational versus negational thinking about the self, between how people describe what they are versus what they are not.


Negational Thinking Negative Instance Negational Probe Intrusion Error Overt Action 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. McGuire
  • Claire V. McGuire

There are no affiliations available

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