Role of the Lateral Line in Fish Behaviour

  • Horst Bleckmann


The lateral line of teleost fish is usually visible externally as a row of small pores along the trunk and the head. These pores lead into an underlying canal, the lateral line canal. According to Parker (1904) the first people to recognise the pores of the lateral line were Stenon in 1664, Lorenzini in 1678, and Rivinius in 1687. In the head of most fishes the lateral line canal has three main branches, one of which passes forwards and above the eye (supra-orbital canal), another forward and immediately below the eye (infra-orbital canal), and a third downwards and over the lower jaw (hyomandibular canal). Together with the ‘free organs’ described later in this chapter, these three head and one trunk canal with their ‘canal organs’ constitute the lateral line system of teleost fish (Figures 7.1A,B).


Hair Cell Lateral Line Wave Signal Electric Organ Electric Fish 
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© Tony J. Pitcher 1986

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  • Horst Bleckmann

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