Physical Separation Techniques in Trace Element Speciation Studies

  • E. Steinnes
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 6)


A variety of physical separation techniques has been applied to the study of trace element speciation in natural waters (or has at least been reported to be potentially useful for this kind of work). The techniques of concern separate particulates and/or dissolved species according to size, specific gravity or charge. Since methods based on size separation are by far the most commonly used, this presentation concentrates on such methods. Those separations based on electric charge will be mentioned only to the extent that they do not involve chemical reactions.


Trace Metal Humic Acid Natural Water Speciation Study Separation Technique 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Steinnes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Trondheim - NLHTDragvollNorway

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