Trace Element Speciation in Surface Waters: Interactions with Particulate Matter

  • U. Förstner
  • W. Salomons
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 6)


The uptake of trace metals by organisms occurs chiefly in the dissolved phase. However, it is important to note that,with regard to the concentration and availability of such trace substances, the interactions with solid phases must be considered along with the associated mechanical and chemical processes such as bioturbation, sorption, diffusion and mobilization (Figure 1).


Trace Metal Humic Acid Suspended Matter Dissolve Organic Matter Interstitial Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aston, S.R., and Chester, R., 1973, The influence of suspended particles on the precipitation of iron in natural water, Estuarine Coastal Mar. Sci., 1: 225.Google Scholar
  2. Balistrieri, L., Brewer, P.G., and Murray, J.W., 1981, Scavenging residence times of trace metals and surface chemistry of sinking particles in the deep ocean, Deep-Sea Res., 28A: 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Batley, G.E., and Giles, M.S., 1980, A solvent displacement technique for the separation of sediment interstitial waters, in: “Contaminants and Sediments, Vol. 2”, R.A. Baker, ed., Ann Arbor Science Publ., Ann Arbor, Michigan.Google Scholar
  4. Berner, R.A., 1980, “Early Diagenesis: A Theoretical Approach”, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J.Google Scholar
  5. Berner, R.A., 1981, A new geochemical classification of sedimentary environments, J. Sedim. Petrol., 51: 359.Google Scholar
  6. Brooks, R.R., Presley, B.J., and Kaplan, I.R., 1968, Trace elements in the interstitial waters of marine sediments, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 32: 397.Google Scholar
  7. Callender, E., and Bowser, C.J., 1976, Freshwater ferromanganese deposits, in: “Handbook of Strata-Bound and Stratiform Ore Deposits, Vol. 7”, K.H. Wolf, ed., Elsevier, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Callender, E., Bowser, C.J., and Rossmann, R., 1974, Geochemistry of ferromanganese and manganese carbonate crusts from Green Bay, Lake Michigan, Trans. Am. Geophys. Un., 54: 340.Google Scholar
  9. Cronan, D.S., 1976, Manganese nodules and other ferromanganese oxide deposits, in: “Chemical Oceanography, Vol. 5”, J.P. Riley and R. Chester, eds., Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  10. Davis, J.A., 1980, Adsorption of natural organic matter from fresh water environments by aluminum oxide, in: “Contaminants and Sediments, Vol. 2”, R.A. Baker, ed., Ann Arbor Science Publ. Ann Arbor, Mich.Google Scholar
  11. Davis, J.A., and Gloor, R., 1981, Adsorption of dissolved organics in lake water by aluminum oxide: Effect of molecular weight, Environ. Sci. Technol., 15: 1223.Google Scholar
  12. Davis, J.A., and Leckie, J.O., 1978, Effect of adsorbed complexing ligands on trace metal uptake by hydrous oxides, Environ. Sci. Technol., 12: 1309.Google Scholar
  13. Davis, J.A., and Leckie, J.0., 1979, Speciation of adsorbed ions at the oxide/water interface, in: “Chemical Modeling in Aqueous Systems”, E.A. Jenne, ed., Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser. 93, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  14. Davison, W., 1981a, Supply of iron and manganese to an anoxic lake basin, Nature, 290: 241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Davison, W., 1981b, Transport of iron and manganese in relation to the shapes of their concentration-depth profiles, in: “Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. Interactions between Sediments and Freshwater”, P. Sly, ed., Junk Publ., The Hague, in press.Google Scholar
  16. Degens, E.T., Okada, H., Honjo, S., and Hathaway, J.C., 1972, Micro-crystalline sphalerite in resin globules suspended in Lake Kivu, East Africa, Miner. Deposita. 7: 1.Google Scholar
  17. Duchart, P., Calvert, S.E., Price, N.B., 1973, Distribution of trace metals in the pore waters of shallow water marine sediments, Limnol. Oceanogr., 18: 605.Google Scholar
  18. Dugger, D.L., Stanton, J.H., Irby, B.N., McConnel, B.L., Cunnings, W.W., Maatman, R.W., 1964, The exchange of twenty metal ionsGoogle Scholar
  19. with the weakly acidic silanol group of silica gel, J. Phys. Chem., 68: 757.Google Scholar
  20. Elliott, H.A., Huang, C.P., 1979, The adsorption characteristics of Cu(II) in the presence of chelating agents, J. Colloid and Interface Sci., 70: 29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Emerson, S., Widmer, G., 1978, Early diagenesis in anaerobic lake sediments. II. Thermodynamic and kinetic factors controlling the formation of iron phosphate, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 42: 1307.Google Scholar
  22. Förstner, U., 1981, Recent heavy metal accumulations in limnic sediments, in: “Handbook of Strata-Bound and Stratiform Ore Deposits, Vol. 9”, K.H. Wolf, ed., Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  23. Förstner, U., 1982, Accumulation phases for heavy metals in limnic sediments, in: “Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. Interactions between Sediments and Freshwater”, P. Sly, ed., Junk Publ., The Hague, in press.Google Scholar
  24. Förstner, U., Nahle, C., Schöttler, U., 1979, Sorption of heavy metals in sand filters in the presence of humic acids. Summaries of papers of the International Symposium on Artificial Ground- water Recharge, Dortmund (F.R.G.), May 14–18, 1979, Institute of Water Research, Dortmund, 61/1–3.Google Scholar
  25. Froelich, P.N., Klinkhammer, G.P., Bender, M.L., Luedtke, N.A., Heath, G.R., Cullen, D., Dauphin, P., Hammond, D., Hartmann, B., Maynard, V., 1979, Early oxidation of organic matter in pelagic sediments of the eastern equatorial Atlantic: suboxic diagenesis, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 43: 1075.Google Scholar
  26. Guy, R.D., Chakrabarti, C.L., 1976, Studies of metal-organic interactions in model systems pertaining to natural waters, Can. J. Chem., 54: 1600.Google Scholar
  27. Hallberg, R., 1978, Metal-organic interaction at the redoxcline, in: “Environmental Biogeochemistry and Geomicrobiology, Vol. 3”, W.E. Krumbein, ed., Ann Arbor Science Publ., Ann Arbor, Michigan.Google Scholar
  28. Hart, B.T., 1981, Trace metal complexing capacity of natural waters: A review, Environ. Technol. Lett., 2: 95.Google Scholar
  29. Hart, B.T., 1982, Uptake of trace metals by sediments and suspended particulates: A review, in: “Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. Interactions between Sediments and Freshwater”, P. Sly, ed., Junk Publ., The Hague, in press.Google Scholar
  30. Hem, J.D., 1972, Chemistry and occurrence of cadmium and zinc in surface water and groundwater, Water Resour. Res., 8: 661.Google Scholar
  31. Holdren, G.R., Bricker, O.P., Matisoff, G., 1975, A model for the control of dissolved manganese in the interstitial waters of the Chesapeake Bay, in: “Marine Chemistry in the Coastal Environment”, T.M. Church, ed., Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser. 18, p. 364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hunter, K.A., 1980, Microelectrophoretic properties of natural surface-active organic matter in coastal seawater, Limnol. Oceanogr., 25: 807.Google Scholar
  33. Hunter, K.A., Liss, P.S., 1979, The surface charge of suspended particles in estuarine and coastal waters, Nature, 282: 823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Jenne, E.A., 1976, Trace element sorption by sediments and soils - sites and processes, in: “Symposium on Molybdenum, Vol. 2”, W. Chappell and K. Petersen, eds., Marcel Dekker, New York.Google Scholar
  35. Jenne, E.A., ed., 1979, “Chemical Modeling in Aqueous Systems - Speciation, Sorption, Solubility and Kinetics”, ACS Symposium Series 93, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  36. Jonasson, I.R., 1977, Geochemistry of sediment/water interactions of metals, including observations on availability, in: “The Fluvial Transport of Sediment-Associated Nutrients and Contam-inants”, H. Shear and A.E.P. Watson, eds., IJC/PLUARG. Publ., Windsor, Ontario.Google Scholar
  37. Jones, B.F., Bowser, C.J., 1978, The mineralogy and related chemistry of lake sediments, in: “Lakes - Chemistry, Geology, Physics”, A. Lerman, ed., Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  38. Kerdijk, H.N., Salomons, W., 1982, Importance of early diagenetic reactions for the dumping of dredged material, in preparation.Google Scholar
  39. Kerndorf, H., Schnitzer, M., 1980, Sorption of metals on humic acid, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 44: 1701.Google Scholar
  40. Laxen, D.P.H., Sholkovitz, É.R., 1981, Adsorption (co-precipita- tion) of trace metals at natural concentrations on hydrous ferric oxide in lake water samples, Environ. Technol.Lett., 2: 561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Leckie, J.O., Davis, J.A., 1979, Aqueous environmental chemistry of copper, in: “Copper in the Environment. Part I: Ecological Cycling”, J.O. Nriagu, ed., Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  42. Leckie, J.O., Benjamin, M.M., Hayes, K., Kaufman, G., Altmann, S., 1980, Adsorption/coprecipitation of trace elements from water with iron oxyhydroxides, Final Report. Research Project 910–1/CS-1513. Prepared for Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California.Google Scholar
  43. Lee, G.F., 1975, Role of hydrous metal oxides in the transport of heavy metals in the environment, in: “Heavy Metals in the Aquatic Environment”, P.A. Krenkel, ed., Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  44. Lerman, A., 1977, Migrational processes and chemical reactions in interstitial waters, in: “The Sea, Vol. 6”, E.D. Goldberg, I.N. McCave, J.I. O’Brien and J.H. Steele, eds., Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  45. Lieser, K.H., 1975, Sorption mechanisms, in: “Sorption and Filtration Methods for Gas and Water Purification”, M. BonnevieSvendsen, ed., NATO Advanced Study Institute, Series E, Vol. 13.Google Scholar
  46. Loeb, G.I., Neihof, R.A., 1977, Adsorption of an organic film at the platinum-seawater interface, J. Mar. Res., 35: 283.Google Scholar
  47. Lu, C.S.J., Chen, K.Y., 1977, Migration of trace metals in interfaces of seawater and polluted surficial sediments, Environ. Sci. Technol., 11: 174.Google Scholar
  48. MacCarthy, P., Smith, G.C., 1979, Stability surface concept. A quantitative model for complexation in multiligand mixtures, in: “Chemical Modeling in Aqueous Systems”, E.A. Jenne, ed., Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser. 93, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  49. Millward, G.E., Moore, R.M., 1982, The adsorption of Cu, Mn and Zn by iron oxyhydroxide in model estuarine solution, Water Res., 16: 901.Google Scholar
  50. Morel, F., McDuff, R.E., Morgan, J.J., 1973, Interactions and chemostasis in aquatic chemical systems: role of pH, pE, solubility and complexation, in: “Trace Metals and Metal-Organic Interactions in Natural Waters”, P.C. Singer, ed., Ann Arbor Science Publ., Ann Arbor, Michigan.Google Scholar
  51. Murray, D.J., Healy, T.W., Fuerstenau, D.W., 1968, The adsorption of aqueous metal on colloidal hydrous manganese oxide, Am. Chem. Soc. Adv. Chem. Ser. 79, p. 74.Google Scholar
  52. Murray, J.W., 1975, The interaction of metal ions at the manganese dioxide-solution interface, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 39:505. Neihoff, R.A., and Loeb, G.I., 1974, Dissolved organic matter in sea water and the electric charge of immersed surfaces, J. Mar. Res., 32: 5.Google Scholar
  53. Nelson, P.O., Chung, A.K., Hudson, M.C., 1981, Factors affecting the fate of heavy metals in the activated sludge process, J. Wat. Pollut. Control Fed., 53: 1323.Google Scholar
  54. Nordstrom, D.K., and eighteen co-authors, 1979, A comparison of computerised chemical models for equilibrium calculations in aq- ueous systems, in: “Chemical Modeling in Aqueous Systems”, E.A. Jenne, ed., Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser. 93, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  55. Oakley, S.M., Nelson, P.O., Williamson, K.J., 1981, Model of trace-metal partitioning on marine sediment, Environ. Sci. Technol., 15: 474.Google Scholar
  56. Perdue, E.M., 1979, Solution thermochemistry of humic substances, in: “Chemical Modeling in Aqueous Systems”, E.A. Jenne, ed., Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser. 93, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  57. Presley, B.J., Kolodny, Y., Nissenbaum, A., and Kaplan, I.R., 1972, Early diagenesis in a reducing fjord, Saanich Inlet, British Columbia. II. Trace element distribution in interstitial water and sediment, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 36: 1073.Google Scholar
  58. Rose, A.W., Hawkes, H.E., Webb, J.S., 1979, “Geochemistry in Mineral Exploration”, Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  59. Salomons, W., 1980, Adsorption processes and hydrodynamic conditions in estuaries, Environ. Technol. Lett., 1: 356.Google Scholar
  60. Salomons, W., Förstner, U., 1980, Trace metal analysis on polluted sediments. Part II: Evaluation of environmental impact, Environ. Technol. Lett., 1: 506.Google Scholar
  61. Salomons, W., Gerritse, R.G., 1981, Some observations on the occurrence of phosphorous in recent sediments from western Europe, Sci. Total Environm., 17: 37.Google Scholar
  62. Salomons, W., Van Pagee, J.A., 1981, Prediction of NTA levels in river systems and their effect on metal concentrations, in: “Proc. Int. Conf. Heavy Metals in the Environment”, Amsterdam, in press.Google Scholar
  63. Schindler, P.W., Fürst, B., Dick, R., Wolf, P.U., 1976, Ligand properties of surface silanol groups. Surface complex formation with Fe3+, Cu 2, Cd 2; Pb2+, J. Colloid and Interface Sci., 55: 469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Sholkovitz, E.R., Copland, D., 1981, The coagulation, solubility and adsorption properties of Fe, Mn, Cu, Ni, Cd, Co and humic acids in a river water, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 45: 181.Google Scholar
  65. Sholkovitz, E.R., Boyle, E.A., Price, N.B., 1978, The removal of dissolved humic acids and iron during estuarine mixing, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 40: 130.Google Scholar
  66. Singer, A., Navrot, J., 1978, Siderite in Birket Ram Lake sediments. Abstr. 10th Int. Congr. Sedimentology, July 9–14, 1978, Jerusalem, p. 616.Google Scholar
  67. Stoffers, P., Müller, G., 1978, Mineralogy and lithofacies of Black Sea sediments - Leg 42B Deep Sea Drilling Project, in: Initial Reports of the Deep-Sea Drilling Project, 42 (2), by D.A. Ross, Y.P. Neprochnov et al., U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D.C., p. 373.Google Scholar
  68. Stumm, W., Morgan, J.J., 1981, “Aquatic Chemistry, 2nd Edition”, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  69. Stumm, W., Hohl, H., Dalang, F., 1976, Interaction of metal ions with hydrous oxide surfaces, Croat. Chem. Acta, 48: 491.Google Scholar
  70. Stuuun, W., Kummert, R., Sigg, L., 1980, A ligand exchange model for the adsorption of inorganic and organic ligands at hydrous oxide interfaces, Croat. Chem. Acta, 53: 291.Google Scholar
  71. Sundby, B.M., Silverberg, N., Chesselet, R., 1981, Pathways of manganese in an open estuarine system, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 45: 293.Google Scholar
  72. Theis, T.L., Singer, P.C., 1974, Complexation of iron(II) by organic matter and its effect on iron(II) oxygenation, Environ. Sci. Technol., 8: 569.Google Scholar
  73. Tipping, E., 1981, adsorption of aquatic humic substances by iron hydroxides, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 45: 191.Google Scholar
  74. Travis, C.C., Etnier, E.L., 1981, A survey of sorption relation- ships for reactive solutes in soil, J. Environ. Qual., 10: 8.Google Scholar
  75. Volkov, I.I., Fomina, L.S., 1974, Influence of organic material and processes of sulfide formation on distribution of some trace elements in deep-water sediments of the Black Sea, Am. Ass. Petrol. Geol. Mem., 20: 456.Google Scholar
  76. Wedepohl, K.H., 1980, Geochemical behaviour of manganese, in: “Geology and Geochemistry of Manganese, Vol. I”, I.M. Varentsov and G. Grasselly, eds., Akademiai Kiado, Budapest.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Förstner
    • 1
  • W. Salomons
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental Engineering DivisionTechnical University Hamburg-HarburgHamburg 90West Germany
  2. 2.Institute for Soil FertilityDelft Hydraulics Laboratory Haren BranchHaren (Gr.)The Netherlands

Personalised recommendations