Advertisement

Hereditary Factors in Normal Personality Traits (as Measured by Inventories)

  • Steven G. Vandenberg

Abstract

In 1960 Gottschaldt [21] reviewed the evidence on hereditary factors in personality in Volume 4 of a ten-volume German handbook on psychology. He described his report as less a presentation of established findings than a critical listing of problems and research hypotheses. He touched on the difficulty of generalizing from separate studies because of the great variety of personality theories used in the various studies.

Keywords

Harm Avoidance Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Hereditary Factor Psychosomatic Complaint Hereditary Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Becker, W. C., and Krug, R. S.: A circumplex model for social behavior in children, Child Devel. 35: 371–396, 1964.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Berger, G.: Traité pratique d’Analyse de Caractère, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1950.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Berger, G.: Caractère et Personalité, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1954.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bruun, K., Markkanen, T., and Partanen, J.: Inheritance of Drinking Behavior, a Study of Adult Twins, Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies, Helsinki, 1967.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carter, H. D.: Twin similarities in emotional traits, Character and Personality, 4: 61–78, 1935.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cattell, R.B., Blewett, D. B., and Beloff, J. R.: The inheritance of personality: a multiple-variance analysis of approximate nature—nurture ratios for primary personality factors in Q-data, Amer. J. Hum. Genet. 7: 122–146, 1955.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cattell, R. B., Stice, G. F., and Kristy, N.: A first approximation to nature—nurture ratios for eleven primary personality factors in objective tests, J. Abnorm. Soc. Psychol. 54: 143–159, 1957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Comrey, A. L.: Scales for measuring compulsion, hostility, neuroticism, and shyness, Psychol. Rep. 16: 697–700, 1965.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Comrey, A. L.: Comparison of personality and attitude variables, Educ. Psychol. Measmt. 26: 853–860, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Eiduson, Bernice T.: Scientists: Their Psychological World, Basic Books, New York, 1962.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Eysenck, H. J., and Prell, D.B.: The inheritance of neuroticism: an experimental study, J. Ment. Sci. 97: 441–465, 1951.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Eysenck, H. J.: The Scientific Study of Personality, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1952.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Eysenck, H. J.: The Structure of Human Personality, Methuen, London, 1953.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Eysenck, H. J.: The inheritance of extroversion-introversion, Acta Psychol. 12: 95–110, 1956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 14a.
    Foa, U.G.: Convergences in the analysis of the structure of interpersonal behavior, Phychol. Rev. 68: 341–353, 1961.Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    Freedman, D.G.: Inheritance of behavior in infants, Science 140: 196–198, 1963.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    Gauchet, F., and Lambert, R.: La Caracterologie d’ Heymans et Wiersma, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1959.Google Scholar
  18. 17.
    Gottesman, I. I.: Genetic aspects of intelligent behavior, in Ellis, N. (editor): Handbook of Mental Deficiency: Psychological Theory and Research, McGraw Hill, New York, 1963, pp. 253–296. [a]Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    Gottesman, I.I.: Heritability of personality: a demonstration, Psychol. Monogr. 77, 9, whole number 572, 1963. [b]Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    Gottesman, I.I.: Personality and natural selection, in Vandenberg, S. G. (editor): Methods and Goals in Human-Behavior Genetics, Academic Press, New York, 1965, pp. 63–80.Google Scholar
  21. 20.
    Gottesman, I.I.: Genetic Variance in Adaptive Personality Traits, a paper presented in 1965 to the American Psychological Association (in press).Google Scholar
  22. 21.
    Gottschaldt, K.: Das Problem der Phänogenetik der Persönlichkeit, in Lersch, P., and Thomae, H. (editors): Persönlichkeitsforschung und Persönlichkeitstheorie, Handbuch der Psychologie, IV, Hogrefe, Göttingen, 1960, pp. 222–280.Google Scholar
  23. 22.
    Gough, H.G.; The Adjective Checklist as a personality assessment research technique, Psychol. Rep. 6: 107–122, 1960.Google Scholar
  24. 23.
    Gross, O.: Die cerebrale Sekundarfunktion, Vogel, Leipzig, 1902.Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    Guttman, L.: A new approach to factor analysis: the radex, in Lazarsfeld, P. F. (editor): Mathematical Thinking in the Social Sciences, Free Press, Glencoe, Illinois, 1954, pp. 258–348.Google Scholar
  26. 25.
    Heymans, G., and Wiersma, E. D.: Beiträge zur speciellen Psychologie auf Grund einer Massenuntersuchung, Zeitschr. f. Psychol. 42: 81–127, 258–301; 43: 321–373; 45: 1042; 46: 321–333; 51: 1–72; 62: 1–59; 80: 76–89, 1906–1918.Google Scholar
  27. 26.
    Heymans, G,: Veber einige psychischen Korrelationen, Zeitschr. f. angew. Psychol. 1: 313–381, 1908.Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    Honzik, M.P.: Personality consistency and change: some comments on papers by Bayley, Macfarlane, Moss and Kagan, and Murphy, Vita Humana, 7: 139–142, 1964.Google Scholar
  29. 28.
    Honzik, Marjorie P.: Environmental correlates of mental growth, Amer. Psychol. 19: 472, 1964.Google Scholar
  30. 29.
    Jaensch, E. R.: Das Verhältnis der Integrationstypologie zu anderen Formen der Typenlehre, insbesondere zur Typenlehre Kretschmer’s, Zeitsch. f. Psychol. 125; 113–148, 1932.Google Scholar
  31. 30.
    Jones, Mary Cover: Psychological correlates of somatic development, Amer. Psychol. 19: 588, 1964.Google Scholar
  32. 31.
    Kagan, J., and Moss, H.: Birth to Maturity, Wiley and Sons, New York, 1962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 32.
    Kouwer, B. J., and Vander Werff, J. J.: Temperamentele beoordelings categorieen (Categories of judgments about temperaments), Nederl. Tijdschr. Psychol. 12: 159–171, 1957.Google Scholar
  34. 32a.
    Kretschmer, E.: Körperbau und Charakter (21/22 ed.), Springer, Berlin, 1955.Google Scholar
  35. 32b.
    Leary, T.: Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality, New York, Ronald, 1957.Google Scholar
  36. 33.
    Le Senne, R.: Traité de Caracterologie, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1945.Google Scholar
  37. 34.
    Loehlin, J. C.: An hereditary-environment analysis of personality inventory data, in Vandenberg, S. G. (editor): Methods and Goals in Human Behavior Genetics, Academic Press, New York, 1965.Google Scholar
  38. 35.
    Malapert, P.: Les Elements du Caractère et Leurs Lois de Combinaison, Alcan, Paris, 1897.Google Scholar
  39. 36.
    Maistriaux, R.; L’Intelligence et la Caractère, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1949.Google Scholar
  40. 37.
    McKee, J. P., and Turner, W. S.: The relation of “drive” ratings in adolescence to CPI and EPPS scores in adulthood, Vita Humana, 4; 1–14, 1961.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 38.
    Mild, Y., Hatano, G., Kuhara, K., and Inoue, S.: A study of personality formation through twin research, I., Jap. J. Educ. Psychol. 11:14–23, 1963, and II., Jap. J. Educ. Psychol. 12: 1–11, 1965.Google Scholar
  42. 39.
    Murray, H.A.: Explorations in Personality, Oxford University Press, New York, 1938.Google Scholar
  43. 40.
    Myers-Briggs, Isabelle: The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N.J., 1962.Google Scholar
  44. 41.
    Newman, H. H., Freeman, F. N., and Holzinger, K. J.: Twins, a Study of Heredity and Environment, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1937.Google Scholar
  45. 42.
    Parker, N.: Twins: apsychiatric study of a neurotic group, Med. J. Austral. 2: 735–742, 1964.Google Scholar
  46. 43.
    Paulhan, F.: Les Caracterès, Alcan, Paris, 1894.Google Scholar
  47. 43a.
    Paulhan, F.: Analystes et esprits synthétiques, Alcan, Paris, 1903.Google Scholar
  48. 44.
    Plaider, G.: Der Mensch und sein Lebenswerkzeug-Erbcharakterologie, Klett, Stuttgart, 1954.Google Scholar
  49. 45.
    Reznikoff, M., and Honeyman, M.S.: MMPI profiles of monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs, J. Consult. PsychoL, 1967 (in press).Google Scholar
  50. 46.
    Richards, T. W., and Simons, M.P.: The Fels child behavior scales, Genet. Psychol. Monogr. 24: 259–309, 1941.Google Scholar
  51. 47.
    Roe, Anne: A psychological study of eminent psychologists and anthropolgists, and a comparison with biological and physical scientists, Psychol. Monogr. 67.2, whole number 55, 1953.Google Scholar
  52. 48.
    Rosenthal, D.: Confusion of identity and the frequency of schizophrenia in twins, Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 3: 297–304, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 49.
    Rosenthal, D.: Familial concordance by sex with respect to schizophrenia, Psychol. Bull. 59: 401–421, 1962.Google Scholar
  54. 50.
    Rutter, H., Korn, S., and Birch, H. G.: Genetic and environmental factors in the development of primary reaction patterns, Brit. J. Soc. Clin. Psychol. 2: 161–173, 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 51.
    Scarr, Sandra W.: The origins of individual differences in adjective check list scores, J. Consult. Psychol. 30: 354–357, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 52.
    Schaefer, E. S.: Converging conceptual models for maternal behavior and for child behavior, in Glidewell, J. C. (editor): Parental Attitudes and Child Behavior, Thomas, Springfield, Illinois, 1961.Google Scholar
  57. 53.
    Schaefer, E. S., and Bayley, Nancy: Maternal behavior, child behavior and their inter-correlations from infancy through adolescence, Child Develop. Monogr. 28, whole number 3, 1963.Google Scholar
  58. 54.
    Schaefer, E. S.: A configural analysis of children’s reports of parental behavior, J. Consult. Psychol. 29: 552–557, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 55.
    Schlosberg, H.: The description of facial expressions in terms of two dimensions, J. Exp. Psychol. 44: 229–237, 1952.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 55a.
    Skinner, B.F.: The phylogeny and ontogeney of behavior, Science, 153, 1205–1213, 1966.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 55b.
    Smith, Macfarlane I.: Spatial Ability, Robert R. Knapp, San Diego, 1964.Google Scholar
  62. 56.
    Stern, G.G., Stein, M.I., and Bloom, B.S.: Methods in Personality Assessments, Free Press, Glencoe, Illinois, 1956.Google Scholar
  63. 57.
    Stern, G. G.: Preliminary Manual: Activities Index and College Characteristics Index, Psychological Research Center, Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y., 1958.Google Scholar
  64. 58.
    Stern, G. G.: Scoring Instructions and College Norms: Activities Index and College Characteristics Index, Psychological Research Center, Syracuse University, Syracuse, N.Y., 1963.Google Scholar
  65. 59.
    Stern, G.G.: Student ecology and the college environment, Journ. Med. Educ. 40: 132–154, 1965.Google Scholar
  66. 60.
    Strunz, K.: Das Problem der Persönlichkeitstypen; in Lersch, P., and Thomae, H. (editors): Persönlichkeit und Persönlichkeitstheorie, Handbuchder Psychologie, IV, Hogrefe, Göttingen, 1960, pp. 155–221.Google Scholar
  67. 61.
    Tellegen, A., and Butcher, J. N.: Objections to MMPI items, Paper presented at Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, 1966.Google Scholar
  68. 62.
    Tryon, R.C.: A factor analysis by the Big Try computer program of MMPI items, Paper presented at Western Psychological Association, Honolulu, 1965.Google Scholar
  69. 63.
    Tuddenham, R. D.: The constancy of personality ratings over two decades, Genet. Psychol. Monogr. 60: 3–29, 1959.Google Scholar
  70. 64.
    Vandenberg, S.G.: The hereditary abilities study: hereditary components in a psychological test battery, Amer. J. Hum. Genet. 14: 220–237, 1962.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 65.
    Vandenberg, S. G. (editor): Methods and Goals in Human Behavior Genetics, Academic Press, New York, 1965.Google Scholar
  72. 66.
    Vandenberg, S. G.: The contributions of twin research to psychology, Psychol. Bull. 66:327.-352, 1966.Google Scholar
  73. 67.
    Vandenberg, S.G. (editor): Progress in humanbehavior genetics, Proceedings of the Second Louisville Conference on Human Behavior Genetics, 1967 (in preparation).Google Scholar
  74. 68.
    Vandenberg, S.G., Stafford, R.E., Brown, Anne, and Gresham, Judy: The Louisville Twin Study, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, 1966.Google Scholar
  75. 69.
    Vernon, P.E.: Personality Tests and Assessments, Methuen, London, 1953.Google Scholar
  76. 70.
    Von Verschuer, O.: Wirksame Faktoren im Lebendes Menschen, Steiner, Wiesbaden, 1954. 70a. Wilde, G. J.S.. Inheritance of personality traits. Acta Psychologica, 22: 37–51, 1964.Google Scholar
  77. 71.
    Witkin, H.A., Lewis, H.B„ Hertzmann, M., Machover, K., Meissner, P., and Wapner, S.: Personality through Perception, Harper, New York, 1954.Google Scholar
  78. 72.
    Witkin, H.A.: Dyk, R.B., Faters on, H. F., Goodenough, D. R., and Karp, S.A.: Psychological Differentiation, Wiley, New York, 1962.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven G. Vandenberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations