Instrumental Conditioning of Nutritive Sucking Behavior in the Newborn

  • Reuben E. Kron


There is substantial clinical and experimental evidence that the earliest sensory and motor experiences associated with feeding have a profound effect on the behavioral development of animal and man. A method of recording newborn feeding behavior has been evolved in our laboratory that may facilitate investigation of the mechanisms by which experience modifies the behavior of newborn organisms. The apparatus (Fig. 1), appearance of the data (Fig. 2), and methods of data analysis have been previously described in detail [1–4].


Behavioral Control Newborn Infant Instrumental Conditioning Nutrient Flow Feedback Link 
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  1. 1.
    Kron, R.E., Stein, M., andGoddard,K.E.: A method of measuring sucking behavior of newborn infants, Psychosomat. Med. 25: 181–191, 1963.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kron, R. E., Stein, M., and Goddard, K. E.: Newborn sucking behavior affected by obstetric sedation, Pediatrics 37: 1012–1016, 1966.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kron, R. E., Stein, M., and Goddard, K. E.: The effect of nutrient upon the sucking behavior of newborn infants, Psychosomat. Med. (in press).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kron, R.E., Stein, M., Ipsen, J., and Goddard, K.E.: Consistent individual differences in neonatal sucking behavior (in preparation).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ferster, C.B., and Skinner, B.F.: Schedules of Reinforcement, New York, Appleton-CenturyCrofts, Inc., 1957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bridger, W. H.: The effects of hunger and arousal on the sucking activity of newborn infants (paper presented at Annual Meeting of Society for Research in Child Development, State College, Pennsylvania, 1961 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reuben E. Kron

There are no affiliations available

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