# The Begle Memorial Series on Research in Mathematics Education

Chapter

## Abstract

This paper is one of a series of presentations at this Congress commemorating the work of Ed Begle. Begle’s (1979) last work, “Critical Variables in Mathematics Education”, served as a basis for these presentations. In particular, I will address “The use of critical variables to organize research, problems of synthesizing research, and the kind of empirical research that would be most useful to mathematics education.”

## Keywords

Critical Variable Mathematics Classroom Mathematics Achievement Mathematical Ability Task Variable
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