Throughout this discussion, considerable emphasis has been placed on establishing a bacteriological diagnosis because of the obvious importance of instituting effective antibiotic therapy for intravascular infection at the earliest possible moment. In most analyses of series of patients with infective endocarditis (IE), those patients treated for the presumption of IE in the absence of a positive blood culture had higher mortality rates than those patients in whom microorganisms responsible for infection had been identified.(1,2)


Infective Endocarditis Minimal Inhibitory Concen Prosthetic Valve Prosthetic Heart Valve Bacterial Endocarditis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Pesanti, E. L., Smith I. M.: Infective endocarditis with negative blood cultures—An analysis of 52 cases. Am. J. Med. 66: 43–50, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Editoral: Infective endocarditis with negative blood cultures. Br. Med. J. 2: 4, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cannady, P. B., Sanford, J. P.: Negative blood cultures in infective endocarditis: A review. South. Med. J. 69: 1420–1424, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Studer, J. P., Glauser, M. P., Shapira, M.: Value of examining buffy coats for intragranulocytic micro-organisms in patients with fever. Br. Med. J. 1: 69–146, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Freedman, L. R., and Johnson, M. L.: Experimental endocarditis. IV. Tricuspid and aortic valve infection with Candida albicans in rabbits. Yale J. Biol. Med. 45: 163–175, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Badger, S. J., Butler, T., Kim, C. K., Johnston, K. H.: Experimental Eikenella corrodens endocarditis in rabbits. Infect. Immun. 23: 751–757, 1978.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Editorial: Culture-negative endocarditis. Lancet 2: 1164–1165, 1977.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Root, R. K., Metcolf, J. A.: Surface binding and enhanced killing of penicillin-treated S. aureus 502 A by human neutrophiles. Clin. Res. 27: 480A, 1979.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    O’Keete, J. P., Gorbach, S. L.: Laboratory diagnosis of infective endocarditis, in: Infective Endocarditis, Rahimtoola, S. H., ed. Grune and Stratton, New York, pp. 307–325, 1978.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Freedman, L. R., Valone, J.: Experimental endocarditis. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis. 22: 169–180, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Francioli, P., Freedman, L. R.: Streptococcal infection of endocardial and other intravascular vegetations in rabbits: Natural history and effect of dexamethasone. Infect. Immun. 24: 483–491, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mills, J., Abbott, J., Utley, J. R., Ryan, C.: Role of cardiac catheterization in infective endocarditis. Chest 72: 576–582, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Harris, C. N., Dunne, E. F., Farinha, J. B., Zubiate, P., Kaye, J. H., Kaplan, M. A.: Forward angiography in the indentification of vegetations in tricuspid endocarditis. Chest 71: 218–220, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Welton, D. E., Young, J. B., Raizner, A. E., Ishimori, T., Adyanthaya, A., Miller, R. R., Chahine, R. A.: The value and safety of pre-operative cardiac catheterization during active infective endocarditis (abstract). Am. J. Cardiol. 43: 407, 1979.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pazin, G. J., Peterson, K. L., Griff, F. W., Shaver, J. A., Ho, M.: Determination of site of infection in endocarditis. Ann. Intern. Med. 82: 746–750, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mann, T., McLaurin, L., Grossman, W., Craige, E.: Assessing the hemodynamic severity of acute aortic regurgitation due to infective endocarditis. N. Engl. J. Med. 293: 108–113, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pruitt, A. A., Rubin, R. H., Karchmer, A. W., Duncan, G. W.: Neurological complications of bacterial endocarditis. Medicine 57: 329–343, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Malergue, M. C., Fraisse, F., Gilbert, C., Kalmanson, D., Lecompte, Y, Witschitz, S.: Diagnostic échocardiographique des endocardites tricuspidiennes. Arch. Mal. Coeur 72: 641–646, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mintz, G. S:, Kotler, M. N., Parry, W. R.: Wide splitting of the first heart sound secondary to tricuspid valve endocarditis—A phonocardiographic echocardiographic study. Am. J. Med. 66: 523–527, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Thompson, K. R., Nanda, N. C., Gramiak, R.: The reliability of echocardiography in the diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Radiology 125: 473–476, 1977.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ali, N., Sheikh, M. U., Andy, J. J., Roberts, W. C.: Echocardiographic observations in active infective endocarditis occurring in opiate or alcoholic addicts: A comparison of right and left-sided valvular lesions in 27 patients (abstract). Am. J. Cardiol. 39: 278, 1977.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Durack, D. T.: Experimental bacterial endocarditis. IV Structure and evolution of very early lesions. J. Pathol. 115: 81–89, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gould, L., Freiberg, A., Lewnes, G. C., Reddy, R., Werthamer, S.: Right atrial myxoma associated with thrombocytopenia and bacterial endocarditis. N. Y. State J. Med. 78: 2081–2083, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Corrigan, E., Newhall, D., Raymond, R. D.: Left atrial myxoma—presenting as bacterial endocarditis. Rhode Island Med. J. 61: 410–412, 1978.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rojpal, R. S., Leibsohn, J. A., Liekweg, W. G., Gross, C. M., Olinger, G. N., Rose, H. D., Bamrah, V. S.: Infected left atrial myxoma with bacteremia simulating infective endocarditis. Arch. Intern. Med. 139: 1176–1178, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mintz, G. S., Kotler, M. N., Segal, B. L., Parry, W. R.: Comparison of two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography in the evaluation of patients with infective endocarditis. Am. J. Cardiol. 43: 738–744, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wann, L. S., Dillon, J. C., Weyman, A. E., Feigenbaum, H.: Echocardiography in bacterial endocarditis. N. Engl. J. Med. 295: 135–139, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pratt, C., Whitcomb, C. Neumann, A., Mason, D. T., Amsterdam, E. A., DeMaria, A. N.: Relationship of vegetation on echogram to the clinical course and systemic emboli in bacterial endocarditis. Am. J. Cardiol. 41: 384, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bloch, A., Stalder, H., Waldvogel, F. A., Mayor, C.: Utilité de l’echocardiographie dans le diagnostic de l’endocardite bactérienne. Schweiz. Med. Wochenschr. 107: 1571–1572, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mintz, G. S., Kotler, M. N., Segal, B. L., Parry, W. R.: Survival of patients with aortic valve endocarditis. Arch. Intern. Med. 139: 862–866, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Strom, J., Davis, R., Frishman, W., Becker, R., Matsumoto, M., Sonnenblick, E.: The demonstration of vegetations by echocadiography in bacterial endocarditis: An indication for early surgical intervention. Circulation 60: 11–37, 1979.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wiseman, J., Rouleau, J., Rigo, P., Strauss, H. W., Pitt, B.: Gallium-67 myocardial imaging for the detection of bacterial endocarditis. Radiology 120: 135, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Huang, J., Wong, D., Tanaka, T., Thadepoll, H., Mishkin, F.: Diagnosis of infective endocarditis in rabbits by labelled autibacterial autibody score (abstract). Clin. Res. 25: 377A, 1977.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Riba, A. L., Downs, J., Thakur, M. L., Gottschalk, A., Andriole, V. T., Zaret, B. L.: Technitium-99m stannous pyrophosphate imaging of experimental endocarditis. Circulation 58: 111–119, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Sty, J. R., Chusid, M. J.: 99m TC-pyrophosphate imaging: Bacterial endocarditis. Pediatr. Radiol. 8: 223–224, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Riba, A. L., Thakur, M. T., Gottschalk, A., Andriole, V. T., Zaret, B. L.: Imaging experimental infective endocarditis with indium-111-labelled blood cellular components. Circulation 59: 336–343, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mallen, M. S., Hube, E. L., Brenes, M.: Comparative study of blood cultures made from artery, vein and bone marrow in patients with subacute bacterial endocarditis. Am. Heart J. 33: 692, 1947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Freedman, L. R., Acar, J. F., Durack, D. T., Kaye, D., Waldvogel, F. A.: Infective endocarditis. Current Chemotherapy (Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Chemotherapy) 1: 69–71, 1978.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Carey, R. B., Brause, B. D., Roberts, R. B.: Antimicrobial therapy of vitamin Be-dependent streptococcal endocarditis. Ann. Intern. Med. 87: 150–154, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Petit, J.-C., Sicard, D.: Endocardite à streptocoque déficient cultivant en satellitisme. Med. Malad. Infect. 7: 506–508, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Carey, R. B.: Culture-negative endocarditis. Lancet 1: 278, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Roberts, K. B., Sidlak, M. J.: Satellite stretococci: A major cause of “negative” blood cultures in bacterial endocarditis? J. Am. Med. Assoc. 241: 2293–2294, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Piepkorn, M. W., Reichenbach, D. D.: Infective endocarditis associated with cell wall-deficient bacteria. Hum. Pathol. 9: 163–173, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Roberts, R. B., Krieger, A. G., Schiller, N. L., Gross, K. C.: Viridans streptococcal endocarditis: The role of various species, including pyridoxal-dependent streptococci. Rev. Infect. Dis. 1: 955–966, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Bayston, R.: Serological investigations in children with colonized Spitz–Holter valves. J. Clin. Pathol. 25: 718–720, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Bayston, R., Penny, S. R.: Excessive production of mucoid substance in staphylococcus SIIA: A possible factor in colonization of Holter shunts. Dey. Med. Child. Neurol. Suppl. 27: 25–28, 1972.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Nagel, J. G., Tuazon, C. U., Cardella, T. A., Sheagren, J. N.: Teichoic acid serologic diagnosis of staphylococcal endocarditis—Use of gel diffusion and counterimmunoelectrophoretic methods. Ann. Intern. Med. 82: 13–17, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Wheat, L. J., Kohler, R. B., White, A.: Solid-phase radioimmunoassay for detection of staphylococcal antigen in serum of rabbits with endocarditis due to Staphylococcus aureus. J. Infect. Dis. 138: 174–180, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Strife, C. F., McDonald, B. M., Ruley, E. J., McAdams, A. J., West, C. D.: Shunt nephritis: The nature of the serum cryoglobulins and their relation to the complement profile../. Pediatr. 83: 403–413, 1976.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Wheat, L. J., Kohler, R. B., Tabbarah, Z., and White, A.: Circulating staphylococcal antigen in humans and immune rabbits with endocarditis due to Staphylococcus aurens: Inhibition of detection by preexisting antibodies. J. Infect. Dis. 140: 54–61, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Peeters, W., Mussche, M., Becaus, I., Ringoir, S.: Shunt nephritis. Clin. Nephrol. 9: 122–125, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Shanson, D. C., Hince, C.: An immunofluorescent method for detecting antibodies against viridans streptococci in Streptococcus viridans endocarditis. J. Clin. Pathol. 31: 292–293, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Spitzer, R. E., Stitzel, A. E., Urmson, J. R.: Is glomerulonephritis after bacterial sepsis always benign (letter)? Lancet 1: 871, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Hoppes, W. L., Smith, J. W., White, A. C.: Serological diagnosis of streptococcal endocarditis. Clin. Res. 24: 545A, 1976.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    McLeod, R., Remington, J. S.: Fungal endocarditis, in: Infective Endocarditis, Rahimtoola, S. H., ed. Grune and Stratton, New York, pp. 211–290, 1978.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Maliwan, N., Reid, R., Katzen, R.: Rapid diagnosis of beta-hemolytic streptococcus group B endocarditis by buffy-coat examination and gas—liquid chromatography. J. Clin. Pathol. 32: 760–763, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Bayer, A. S., Guze, L. B.: Staphylococcus aureus bacteremic syndromes: Diagnostic and therapeutic update. Dis-Month 25: (9), 1979.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Kloster, F. E.: Infective prosthetic valve endocarditis, in: Infective Endocarditis, Ramintoola, S. H., ed. Grune and Stratton, New York, pp. 291–305, 1978.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Dismukes, W. E., Karchmer, A. W.: The diagnosis of infected prosthetic heart valves: Bacteremia versus endocarditis, in: Infections of Prosthetic Heart Valves and Vascular Grafts, Duma, R. J., ed. University Park Press, Baltimore, pp. 61–80, 1976.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Wilson, W. R., Jaumin, P. M., Danielson, G. K., Giuliani, E. R., Washington, J. A., II, Geraci, J. E.: Prosthetic valve endocarditis. Ann. Intern. Med. 82: 751–756, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Arnett, E. N., Roberts, W. C.: Prosthetic valve endocarditis. Am. J. Cardiol. 38: 281–292, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Karchmer, A. W., Dismukes, W. E., Buckley, M. J., Austin, W. G.: Late prosthetic valve endocarditis clinical features influencing therapy. Am. J. Med. 64: 199–206, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Watanakunakorn, C., Baird, I. M.: Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and endocarditis associated with a removable infected intravenous device. Am. J. Med. 63: 253–256, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Zeller, N. H., Lusk, R. H., Palmer, D. L.: Nonsurgical cure of endocarditis associated with a pacemaker. Arch. Intern. Med. 135: 580–581, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Demierre, G., Freedman, L. R.: Experimental endocarditis: Prophylaxis of Candida albicans infections by 5-fluorocystosine in rabbits. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 16: 252–254, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Watanakunakorn, C.: Prosthetic valve infective endocarditis. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis. 22: 181–192, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Cohen, L., Freedman, L. R.: Damage to the aortic valve as a cause of death in bacterial endocarditis. Ann. Intern. Med. 55: 562–564, 1961.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Pulliam, L., Inokuchi, S., Hadley, W. K., Mills, J.: Penicillin tolerance in experimental streptococcal endocarditis. Lancet 2: 957, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Goldman, P. L., Petersdorf, R. G.: Significance of methicillin tolerance in experimental staphylococcal endocarditis. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 15: 802–806, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Bayer, A. S., Chow, A. W., Ishida, K., Guze, L. B.: Experimental infective endocarditis due to antibiotic tolerant Lactobacillus plantarum—Correlation of in-vitro susceptibility with in-vivo efficiency. 11th International Congress of Chemotherapy, Abstract 1057, 1979.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Wilson, W. R., Geraci, J. E., Wilkowske, C. J., Washington, J. A., II: Short-term intramuscular therapy with procaine penicillin plus streptomycin for infective endocarditis due to viridans streptococci. Circulation 57: 1158–1161, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Hewitt, W. L., O’Grady, F. W., Acar, J. F., McDonald, P. J., Sande, M. A.: The rational basis for chemotherapy. Current Chemotherapy (Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, of Chemother) 1: 3–6, 1978.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Wolfe, J. C., Johnson, W. D.: Penicillin-sensitive streptococcal endocarditis—In-vitro and clinical observations on penicillin-streptomycin therapy. Ann. Intern. Med. 81: 178–181, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Hook, E. W., Guerrant, R. L.: Therapy of infective endocarditis, in: Infective Endocarditis, Kaye, D., ed. University Park Press, Baltimore, pp. 167–184, 1976.Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Karchmer, A. W., Moellering, R. C., Jr., Maki, D. G., Swartz, M. N.: Single-antibiotic therapy for streptococcal endocarditis. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 241: 1801–1806, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Malacoff, R. F., Frank, E., Andriole, V. T.: Streptococcal endocarditis (non-enterococcal, non-group A)—Single vs combination therapy. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 241: 1807–1810, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Benn, R.: Treatment of bacterial endocarditis 1976. Drugs 12: 374–380, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Hoppes, W. L.: Treatment of bacterial endocarditis caused by penicillin-sensitive streptococci. Arch. Intern. Med. 137: 1122–1123, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Phair, J. P., Tan, J. S.: Therapy of Streptococcus viridans endocarditis, in: Infective Endocarditis: An American Heart Association Symposium, Kaplan, E. L., Tarauta, A. V., eds. American Heart Association Monograph No. 52, American Heart Association, Dallas, pp. 55–57, 1977.Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Resnick, L., Cohen, L.: Antibiotic treatment of penicillin-sensitive streptococcal endocarditis (editorial). J. Am. Med. Assoc. 241: 1826–1827, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Bryant, R. E., Kimbrough, R. C.: Treatment of infective endocarditis, in: Infective Endocarditis, Rahimtoola, S. H., ed. Grune and Stratton, New York, pp. 327–360, 1978.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Svanbom, M., Strandell, T.: Bacterial endocarditis. II. A prospective study with clinical, laboratory and therapeutic observations. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 11: 17–30, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Wilson, W. R., Geraci, J. E., Giuliani, E. R., Thompson, R. L., Wilkowske, C. J.: Short-term intramuscular therapy with procaine penicillin plus streptomycin for infective endocarditis due to penicillin-sensitive streptococci. Circulation 60: 11–36, 1979.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Durack, D. T., Pelletier, L. L., Petersdorf, R. C.: Chemotherapy of experimental streptococcal endocarditis. II. Synergism between penicillin and streptomycin against penicillin-sensitive streptococci. J. Clin. Invest. 53: 829–833, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Pelletier, L. L., Petersdorf, R. G., Nielson, K.: Chemotherapy of experimental streptococcal endocarditis. V. Effect of duration of infection and retained intracardiac catheter on response to treatment. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 87: 692–702, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Sande, M. A., Irwin, R. G.: Penicillin aminoglycoside synergy in experimental Streptococcus viridans endocarditis. J. Infect. Dis. 129: 572–576, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Edelman, R.: Controlled study of streptococcal endocarditis—A problem of feasibility (letter). J. Am. Med. Assoc. 242: 1612–1613, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Hook, E. W., III, Johnson, W. D.: Vancomycin therapy of bacterial endocarditis. Am. J. Med. 65: 411–415, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Wannamaker, L. W., Parker, M. T.: Microbiology of bacteria often responsible for infective endocarditis, in: Infective Endocarditis: An American Heart Association Symposium, Kaplan, E. L., Tarauta, A. V., eds. American Heart Association Monograph No. 52, Dallas, pp. 9–11, 1977.Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Swartz, M. N.: Infective endocarditis, in: Scientific American Medicine, Rubenstein, E., Federman, D. D., eds. Scientific American, New York, pp. 1–25, 1979.Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Hook, E. W., III, Roberts, R. B., Sande, M. A.: Antimicrobial therapy of experimental enterococcal endocarditis. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 8: 564–570, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Carrizosa, J., Kaye, D.: Antibiotic synergism in enterococcal endocarditis. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 88: 132–141, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Carrizosa, J., Kaye, D.: Penicillin and netilmicin in treatment of experimental enterococcal endocarditis. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 13: 505–508, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Lincoln, L. J., Weinstein, A. J., Gallagher, M., Abrutyn, E.: Penicillinase-resistant penicillins plus gentamicin in experimental enterococcal endocarditis. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 12: 484–489, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Westenfelder, G. O., Paterson, P. Y., Reisberg, B. E., Carlson, G. M.: Vancomycin—streptomycin synergism in enterococcal endocarditis. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 223: 37–40, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Watanakunakorn, C.: Changing epidemiology and newer aspects of infective endocarditis, in: Advances in Internal Medicine, Stollennan, G. H., ed. Year Book Medical Publishers, Chicago, pp. 21–47, 1977.Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Weinstein, A. J., Lentnek, A. L.: Cephalosporin—aminoglycoside synergism in experimental enterococcal endocarditis. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 9: 983–987, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Abrutyn, E., Lincoln, L., Gallagher, M., Weinstein, A. J.: Cephalothin—gentamicin synergism in experimental enterococcal endocarditis. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 4: 153–158, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Ruhen, R. W., Darrell, J. H.: Antibiotic synergism against group D streptococci in the treatment of endcarditis. Med. J. Aust. 2: 114–116, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Serra, P., Brandimarte, C., Martino, P., Carlone, S., Giunchi, G.: Synergistic treatment of enterococcal endocarditis. Arch. Intern. Med. 137: 1562–1567, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Rahal, J. J.: Antibiotic combinations: The clinical relevance of synergy and antagonism. Medicine 57 :179–195, 1978.Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Calderwood, S. A., Wennersten, C., Moellering, R. C., Jr., Kunz, L. J., Krogstad, D. J.: Resistance to six aminoglycosidic aminocyclitol antibiotics among enterococci: Prevalence, evolution and relationship to synergism with penicillin. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 12: 401–405, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Reyes, M. P., Brown, W. J., Lemer, A. M.: Treatment of patients with Pseudomonas endocarditis with high dose aminoglycoside and carbenicillin therapy. Medicine 57: 57–67, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Sande, M. A., Johnson, M. L.: Antimicrobial therapy of experimental endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. J. Infect. Dis. 131: 367–375, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Sande, M. A., Courtney, K. B.: Nafcillin—gentamicin synergism in experimental staphylococcal endocarditis. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 88: 118–124, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Miller, M. H., Wexler, M. A., Steigbigel, N. H.: Single and combination antibiotic therapy of Staphylococcus aureus experimental endocarditis: Emergence of gentamicin-resistant mutants. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 14: 336–343, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Murray, H. W., Wigley, F. M., Mann, J. J., Arthur, R. R.: Combination antibiotic therapy in staphylococcal endocarditis. Arch. Intern. Med. 136: 480–483, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Haas, E. J.: Treatment of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis (letter). Arch. Intern. Med. 137: 400–401, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Mann, J. J.: Treatment of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis—Reply (letter). Arch. Intern. Med. 137: 401, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Watanakunakorn, C.: Prognostic factors in Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis and results of therapy with a penicillin and gentamicin. Am. J. Med. Sci. 273: 133–139, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Abrams, B., Sklaver, A., Hoffman, T., Greenman, R.: Single or combination therapy of staphylococcal endocarditis in intravenous drug abusers. Ann. Intern. Med. 90: 789–791, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Sande, M. A., Korzeniowski, O. M.: Comparison of nafcillin with nafcillin plus gentamicin in the treatment of addicts with S. aureus endocarditis. 19th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Abstract 362, 1979.Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Banks, T., Fletcher, R., Ali, N.: Infective endocarditis in heroin addicts. Am. J. Med. 55: 444–451, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Sklaver, A. R., Hoffman, T. A., Greenman, R. L.: Staphylococcal endocarditis in addicts. South. Med. J. 71: 638–643, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Faville, R. J., Jr., Zaske, D. E., Kaplan, E. L., Crossley, K., Sabath, L. D., Quie, P. G.: Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 240: 1963–1965, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Tuazon, C. U., Lin, M. Y. C., Sheagren, J. N.: In vitro activity of rifampin alone and in combination with nafcillin and vancomycin against pathogenic strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 13: 759–761, 1978.Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Massanari, R. M., Donta, S. T.: The efficacy of rifampin as adjunctive therapy in selected cases of staphylococcal endocarditis. Chest 73: 371–375, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Egert, J., Carrizosa, J., Kaye, D.: Comparison of methicillin, nafcillin, and oxacillin in therapy of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis in rabbits. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 89: 1262–1268, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Carrizosa, J., Santoro, J., Kaye, D.: Treatment of experimental Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis: Comparison of cephalothin, cefazolin, and methicillin. Antimicrob. Agents Chem-other. 13: 74–77, 1978.Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Carrizosa, J., Kobasa, W. D., Kaye, D.: Effectiveness of nafcillin, methicillin, and cephalothin in experimental Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 15: 735–737, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Bryant, R. E., Alford, R. H.: Unsuccessful treatment of staphylococcal endocarditis with cefazolin. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 237: 569–570, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Kaye, D., Hewitt, W., Remington, J. S., Turck, M.: Cefazolin and Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis (letter). J. Am. Med. Assoc. 237: 2601, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Bryant, R. E., Alford, R. H.: Treatment of staphylococcal endocarditis-letter. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 239: 1130, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Kaye, D., Hewitt, W., Remington, J. S., Turck, M.: Treatment of staphylococcal endocarditis-Reply. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 239: 1130–1131, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Archer, G. L., Karchmer, A. W., Dismukes, W. E.: Antibiotic susceptibility of Staplylococcus epidermidis isolates from patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis. 11th International Congress of Chemotherapy, Abstract 603, 1979.Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Archer, G., Fekety, F. R., Jr., Supena, R.: Pseudomonas aeruginosa endocarditis in drug addicts. Am. Heart J. 88: 570–578, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Kohler, R. B., White, A.: Miscellaneous Pseudomonas disease, in: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Doggett, R. G., ed. Academic Press, New York, pp. 445–494, 1979.Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Reyes, M. P., Lerner, A. M. (letter), Alpert, J. S., Borow, K. M., Pennington, J. (reply). Pseudomonas endocarditis. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 241: 1576, 1979.Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Archer, G. L., Johnston, J. L.: Effect of type-specific active immunization on the development and progression of experimental Pseudomonas aeruginosa endocarditis. Infect. Immun. 24: 167–173, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Archer, G. L., Fekety, F. R., Jr.: Experimental endocarditis due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. II. Therapy with carbenicillin and gentamicin. J. Infect. Dis. 136: 327–335, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Witchitz, S., Gilbert, C., Withcitz, J., Gougerot, M., Vachon, F., Vic-Dupont, V.: Pseudomonas aeruginosa endocarditis: A report of nine cases. Eur. J. Cardiol. 4: 91–97, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Fischer, J. J.: Pseudomonas maltophilia endocarditis after replacement of the mitral valve: A case study. J. Infect. Dis. 128 (Suppl.): 5771–5773, 1973.Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Rahal, J. J., Simberkoff, M. S., Hyams, P. J.: Pseudomonas cepacia tricuspid endocarditis: Treatment with trimethoprim, sulfonamide and polymyxin B. J. Infect. Dis. 128 (Suppl.): S762 - S767, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Neu, H. C., Garvey, G. J., Beach, M. P.: Successful treatment of Pseudomonas cepacia endocarditis in a heroin addict with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. J. Infect. Dis. 128 (Suppl.): S768 - S770, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Seligman, S. J., Madhaven, T., Alcid, D.: Trimethoprim-sufalmethoxazole in the treatment of bacterial endocarditis. J. Infect. Dis. 128 (Suppl.): S754–5761, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Perry, T. M., Belter, L. F.: Brucellosis and heart disease. 2. Fatal brucellosis, a review of the literature and report of new cases. Amer. J. Pathol. 36: 673–697, 1960.Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    O’Meara, J.B., Eykyn, S., Jenkins, B. S., Braimbridge, M. V., Phillips, I.: Brucella melitensis endocarditis: Successful treatment of an infected prosthetic mitral valve. Thorax 29: 377–381, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Pratt, D. S., Tenney, J. H., Bjork, C. M., Relier, L. B.: Successful treatment of Brucella melitensis endocarditis. Am. J. Med. 64: 897–900, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Cohen, P. S., O’Brien, T. F., Schoenbaum, S. C., Mederios, A. A.: The risk of endothelial infection in adults with Salmonella bacteremia. Ann. Intern. Med. 89: 931–932, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Yamamoto, N., Magidson, O., Posner, C., Mendez, A. M., Zubiate, P., Kay, J. H.: Probable Salmonella endocarditis treated with prosthetic valve replacement: A case report. Surgery 76: 678–681, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Shanson, D. C., Bridgen, W., Weaver, E. J. M.: Salmonella enteritidis endocarditis. Br. Med. J. 1 (1): 612–613, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Avril, J. L., Berche, P., Lelguen, C. L., Daoulas-le-Bourdelles, F.: Incapacité d’une souche de Salmonella Brandenburg responsable d’une endocardite de recevoir des plasmides de résistance aux antibiotiques. Med. Malad. Infect. 7: 419–421, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Ball, A. P., McGhie, D., Geddes, A. M.: Serratia marcescens in a general hospital. Q. J. Med. N. Ser. 46: 63–71, 1977.Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Yu, V. L.: Serratia marcescens: Historical prospective and clinical review. N. Engl. J. Med. 300: 887–893, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Mills, J., Drew, D.: Serratia marcescens endocarditis: A regional illness associated with intravenous drug abuse. Ann. Intern. Med. 84: 29–35, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Bryan, C. S., Marney, S. R., Alford, R. H., Bryant, R. E.: Gram-negative bacillary endocarditis. Am. J. Med. 58: 209–215, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Sands, M., Sanders, C. V.: Serratia marcescens endocarditis (letter). Ann. Intern. Med. 85: 397–398, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Goldmann, D. A., Maki, D. G., Bennett, J. V.: Intravenous infusion associated infections, in: Hospital Infections, Bennett, J. V., Brachman, P. S., eds. Little Brown, Boston, pp. 443–452, 1979.Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Steere, A. C., Stamm, W. E., Martin, S. M., Bennett, J. V.: Gram negative rod bacteremia, in: Hospital Infections, Bennett, J. V., Brachman, P. S., eds. Little Brown, Boston, pp. 443–452, 1979.Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Conn, J. H., Hardy, J. D., Chavez, C. M., Fain, W. R.: Infected arterial grafts: Experience with 22 cases with emphasis on unusual bacterial and technics. Ann. Surg. 171: 704–714, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Grimont, P.-A.-D., Grimont, F., Lacut, J.-Y., Issanchou, A.-M., Aubertin, J.: Traitement d’une endocardite à Serratia par les bactériophages. Nouv. Presse Med. 7: 2251, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Carruthers, M. M.: Endocarditis due to enteric bacilli other than Salmonellae: Case reports and literature review. Am. J. Med. Sci. 273: 203–211, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Crittin, J., Waldvogel, F. A.: Endocardities bactériennes: Aspects cliniques, bactériologigues et facteurs de prognostic. Schweiz. Med. Wochenschr. 107(21)(Suppl.): 1–26, 1977.Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Schnurr, L. P., Ball, A. P., Geddes, A. M., Gray, J., McGhie, D.: Bacterial endocarditis in England in the 1970’s: Review of 70 patients. Q. J. Med. N. Ser. 46: 499–512, 1977.Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Garvey, G. J., Neu, H. C.: Infective endocarditis-An evolving disease. Medicine 57: 105–127, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Hansing, C. E., Allen, V. D., Cherry, J. D.: Escherichia coli endocarditis. Arch. Intern. Med. 120: 472–477, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Brooks, G. F., O’Donoghue, J. M., Rissing, J. P., Soapes, K., Smith, J. W.: Eikenella corrodens, a recently recognized pathogen. Medicine 35: 325–342, 1977.Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Khairat, O.: Bacteroides corrodens isolated from bacteremias. J. Pathol. Bacteriol. 94: 29–40, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Shinhar, E., Silver, J., Yeivin, R., Shapiro, M.: Polymicrobial endocarditis due to Eikenella Corrdoens and Group B streptococcus. Isr. J. Med. Sci. 16: 458–459, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Marcus, H. R., Phelps, C. M.: Eikenella corrodens subacute bacterial endocarditis—Mixed infection in amphetamine user. N. Y. State J. Med. 77: 2259–2261, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Badger, S. J., Butler, T., Kim, C. K., Johnston, K. H.: Experimental Eikenella corrodens endocarditis in rabbits. Infect. Immun. 23: 751–757, 1978.Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Wozniak, R., Middleton, J., Clime!, H., de la Cruz, C., Young, R.: Gram-negative endocarditis caused by Campylobacter fetus. South. Med. J. 71: 1311–1312, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Rettig, P. J.: Campylobacter infections in human beings. J. Pediatr. 94: 855–864, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Elmer, J. J., Rosenthal, M. S., Lerner, P. I., McHenry, M. C.: Infective endocarditis caused by slow-growing, fastidious, gram-negative bacteria. Medicine 58: 145–158, 1979.Google Scholar
  165. 165.
    Jemsek, J. G., Greenberg, S. B., Gentry, L. O., Welton, D. E., Mattox, K. L.: Haemophilus parainfluenzae endocarditis: Two cases and review of the literature in the past decade. Am. J. Med. 66: 51–57, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Geraci, J. E., Wilkowske, C. J., Wilson, W. R., Washington, J. A., II: Haemophilus endocarditis—Report of 14 patients. Mayo Clin. Proc. 52: 209–215, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Chunn, C. J., Jones, S. R., McCutchan, J. A., Young, E. J., Gilbert, D. N.: Haemophilus parainfluenzae infective endocarditis. Medicine 56: 99–113, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Lynn, D. J., Kane, J. G., Parker, R. H.: Haemophilus parainfluenzae and influenzae endocarditis: A review of 40 cases. Medicine 56: 115–128, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Bieger, R. C., Brewer, N. S., Washington, J. A., II: Haemophilus aphrophilus: A micro-biologic and clinical review and report of 42 cases. Medicine 57: 345–355, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Wormser, G. P., Bottone, E. J., Tudy, J., Hirschman, S. Z.: Cardiobacterium hominis: Review of prior infections and report of endocarditis on a fascia lata prosthetic heart valve. Am. J. Med. Sci. 276: 117–126, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Geraci, J. E., Griepp, P. R., Wilkowske, C. J., Wilson, W. R., Washington, J. A., II: Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis—Four cases with clinical and laboratory observations. Mayo Clin. Proc. 53: 49–53, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Varghese, R., Melo, J. C., Barnwell, P., Chun, C. H., Raff, M. J.: Endocarditis due to Hemophilus aphrophilus—Report of a case with possible transmission from dog to man. Chest 72: 680–682, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Coker, J. E., Dworzack, D. L., Hodges, G. R., Petrie, S. C., Pugh, D. M.: The infected mitral valve—Floppy mitral valve syndrome complicated by Haemophilus parainfluenzae bacterial endocarditis. J. Kans. Med. Soc. 79: 550–552, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Hammond, G. W., Richardson, H., Lian, C. J., Ronald, A. R.: Two cases of Hemophilus endocarditis of prolapsed mitral valves—Hemophilus paraphorphilus or parainfluenzae? Am. J. Med. 65: 537–541, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    DeSilva, M., Robin, S. J., Lyons, R. W., Liss, J., Rotatori, R.: Haemophilus paraphrophilus endocarditis in a prolapsed mitral valve. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 66: 922–926, 1976.Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Wauters, J. P., Ferguson, R. K., Michaud, P. A., Knobel, P., Fontolliet, C. H.: Glomerulonephritis associated with Hemophilus aphrophilus endocarditis. Clin. Nephrol. 9: 73–76, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Julander, I., Lindberg, A. A., Svanbom, M.: Haemophilus parainflueuzae—An unconscious cause of septicemia and endocarditis. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 12: 85–89, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Weinwurm, J. L.: Endocarditis due to two strains of Haemophilus parainfluenzae. Can. J. Med. Technol. 42: 109–110, 1980.Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    Dusheiko, G. M., Cassel, R.: Haemophilus endocarditis, a report of two cases. S. Afr. Med. J., 54: 245–247, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Blair, D. C., Weiner, L. B.: Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Haemophilus parainfluenzae biotype II. Am. J. Dis. Child. 133: 617–618, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Laird, W. P., Nelson, J. D., Weinberg, A. G., Huffines, F. D.: Fatal Haemophilus influenzae endocarditis diagnosed by echocardiography in an infant. Pediatrics 64: 292–295, 1979.Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    Csukâs, Z., Ban, E.: Haemophilus paraphophilius isolated from endocarditis. Acta Microbiol. Acad. Sci. Hung. 25: 179–183, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Cooper, J. A., Lietman, P. S.: Chloramphenicol in Haemophilus endocarditis (letter). Lancet 2: 871, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Panwalker, A. P., Akalin, H. E., Zimelis, V., Jackson, G. G.: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans endocarditis in a patient with a prosthetic aortic valve. Infection 5: 104–106, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Geraci, J. E., Wilson, W. R., Washington, J. A., II: Infective endocarditis caused by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans: Report of four cases. Mayo Clin. Proc. 55: 415–419, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Reider, J., Wheat, J.: Endocarditis caused by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitan. South. Med. J. 72: 1219–1220, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Nastro, L. J., Finegold, S. M.: Endocarditis due to anaerobic gram-negative bacilli. Am. J. Med. 54: 482–496, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Pape, J., Singer, C., Kiehn, T. E., Lee, B. J., Armstrong, D.: Infective endocarditis caused by Rothia dentocariosa. Ann. Intern. Med. 91: 746–747, 1979.Google Scholar
  189. 189.
    Bechard, D. L., Lefroek, J. L., Tillotson, J. R.: Endocarditis caused by Moraxella nonliquefaciens. South. Med. J. 72: 1485–1487, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 190.
    Miridjaman, A., Berrett, D.: Infective endocarditis caused by Moraxella Kingae. West. J. Med. 129: 344–346, 1978.Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    Davis, W. A., H, Kane, J. G., Garagusi, V. F.: Human Aeromonas infections: A review of the literature and a case report of endocarditis. Medicine 57: 267–277, 1978.Google Scholar
  192. 192.
    Lehamann, V., Knutsen, S. B., Ragnhildstveit, E., Skagseth, E., Solberg, C. O.: Endocarditis caused by Pasteurella multocida. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 9: 247–248, 1977.Google Scholar
  193. 193.
    Cohen, P. S., Maguire, J. H., Weinstein, L.: Infective endocarditis caused by gram-negative bacteria: A review of the literature, 1945–1977. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis. 22: 205–242, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Van Scoy, R. E., Cohen, S. N., Geraci, J. E., Washington, J. A., II: Coryneform bacterial endocarditis. Mayo Clin. Proc. 52: 216–219, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Gerry, J. L., Greenough, W. B., III: Diphtheroid endocarditis: Report of nine cases and review of literature. Johns Hopkins Med. J. 139: 61–68, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Hornick, R. B.: Source of contamination in open heart surgery, in: Infection of Prosthetic Heart Valves and Vascular Grafts, Duma, R. J., ed. University Park Press, Baltimore, pp. 81–99, 1976.Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    Bassan, R.: Bacterial endocarditis produced by Listeria monocytogenes. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 63: 522–527, 1975.Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    Bayer, A. S., Chow, A. W., Guze, L. B.: Listeria monocytogenes endocarditis: Report of a case and review of the literature. Am. J. Med. Sci. 273: 319–323, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Pitcher, D., Mary, D.: Listeria monocytogenes endocarditis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Br. Med. J. 1: 961, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. 200.
    Wald, S. L., McLaurin, R. L.: Shunt-associated glomerulonephritis. Neurosurgery 3: 146–150, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Leonard, A., Raij, L., Shapiro, F. L.: Bacterial endocarditis in regularly dialyzed patients. Kidney Int. 4: 407–422, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Schröter, G. P. J., Weil, R., III: Listeria monocytogenes infection after renal transplantation. Arch. Intern. Med. 137: 1395–1399, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Armstrong, D.: Listeria monocytogenes, in: Principles and Practice of Infectous Diseases, Mandell, G. L., Douglas, R. G., Jr.: Bennett, J. E., eds. John Wiley, New York, pp. 1626–1633, 1979.Google Scholar
  204. 204.
    Saravolatz, L. D., Burch, K. H., Madhavan, T., Quinn, E. L.: Listerial prosthetic valve endocarditis. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 240: 2186–2187, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Kaplan, J., Stollenwerk, A.: Listeria monocytogenes endocarditis (letter). Arch. Intern. Med. 137: 1484, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Holshouser, C. A., Ansbacher, R., McNiff, T., Steele, R.: Bacterial endocarditis due to Listeria monocytogenes in a pregnant diabetic. Obstet. Gynecol. 51: 9s - 10s, 1978.Google Scholar
  207. 207.
    Clark, R. A.: Bacterial endocarditis caused by Listeria monocytogenes. West. J. Med. 126: 403–405, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Davidson, S., Rotem, Y., Bogkowski, B., Rubenstein, E.: Corynebacterium diphtheriae endocarditis. Am. J. Med. Sci. 271: 351–353, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. 209.
    Guard, R. W.: Non-toxogenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae causing subacute bacterial endocarditis: Case report. Pathology 11: 533–535, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Rasmussen, V., Bremmelgaard, A., Korner, B., Hauns, S., Rasmussen, E.: Acute Corynebacterium endocarditis causing aortic valve destruction-Successful treatment with antibiotics and valve replacement. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 11: 89–92, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Jootar, P., Gherunpong, V., Saitanu, K.: Corynebacterium pyogenes endocarditis-Report of a case with necropsy and review of the literature. J. Med. Assoc. Thailand 61: 596–601, 1978.Google Scholar
  212. 212.
    Bolton, W. K., Sande, M. A., Normansell, D. E., Sturgill, B. C., Westervelt, F. B.: Ventriculojugular shunt nephritis with Corynebacterium bovis. Am. J. Med. 59: 417–423, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Uff, J. S., Evans, D. J.: 11. Glomerular disease in infective endocarditis, in: Proceedings of the Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. J. Med. Microbiol. 10:71, 1977.Google Scholar
  214. 214.
    O’Regan, S., Makker, S. D.: Shunt nephritis: Demonstration of diphtheroid antigen in glomeruli Amer. J. Med. Sci. 278: 161–165, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Borchardt, K. A., Sullivan, R. W., Blumberg, R. S., Gelber, R. H., Botch, V., Crull, S., Ullyot, D. J.: Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis. West. J. Med. 127: 149–151, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. 216.
    Guenel, J., Freland, C., Lucas, J.: Septicémie à Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae avec endocardite-Discussion à propos de 2 nouveaux cas. Ouest Med. 30: 1473–1478, 1977.Google Scholar
  217. 217.
    Freland, C.: Les infections à Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae-Revue générale à propos de 31 cas de septicémies avec endocardites reléves dans la litérature. Pathol. Biol. 25: 345–352, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Park, C. H., Poretz, D. M., Goldenberg, R.: Erysipelothrix endocarditis with cutaneous lesion. South. Med. J. 69: 1101–1103, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    James, O., Morgan, O., Adam, M., Schallibaum, E.: Erysipelothrix insidiosa endocarditisA report of two cases in Jamaica. West Indian Med. J. 25: 265–268, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Baird, P. J., Benn; R.: Erysipelothrix endocarditis. Med. J. Aust. 2: 743–745, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Muirhead, N., Reid, T. M. S.: Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis. J. Infect. 2: 83, 1980.Google Scholar
  222. 222.
    Tenenbaum, M. J., Warner, J. F.: Lactobacillus casei endocarditis (letter). Ann. Intern. Med. 82: 539, 1975.Google Scholar
  223. 223.
    Isenberg, D.: Lactobacillus infective endocarditis. Proc. R. Soc. Med. 70: 278–281, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Dupont, B., Lapresle, C.: Maladie d’Osier à lactobacille. Nouv. Presse Med. 6: 3627–3628, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. 225.
    Block, C. S., Levy, M. L., Fritz, V. U.: Bacillus cereus endocarditis. S. Afr. Med. J. 53: 556–557, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  226. 226.
    Relier, L. B., Maddoux, G. L., Eckman, M. R., Pappas, G.: Bacterial endocarditis caused by Oerskovia turbata. Ann. Intern. Med. 83: 664–666, 1975.Google Scholar
  227. 227.
    Gutschik, E.: Case report: Endocarditis caused by Actinomyces viscosus. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 8: 271–274, 1976.Google Scholar
  228. 228.
    Schafer, F. J., Wing, E. J., Norden, C. W.: Infectious endocarditis caused by Rothia dentocariosa. Ann. Intern. Med. 91: 747–748, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. 229.
    Nastro, L. J., Finegold, S. M.: Endocarditis due to anaerobic gram-negative bacilli. Am. J. Med. 54: 482–496, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. 230.
    Feiner, J. M., Dowell, V. R., Jr.: Anaerobic bacterial endocarditis. N. Engl. J. Med. 283: 1188–1192, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. 231.
    Seggie, J.: Fusobacterium endocarditis treated with metronidazole. Br. Med. J. 1: 960–961, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. 232.
    Al-Ibrahim, M. S., Holzman, R. S.: Treatment of Bacteroides endocarditis with carbenicillin. Am. J. Med. Sci. 273: 105–107, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    McIntosh, C. S., Vickers, P. J., Isaacs, A. J.: Spirillum endocarditis. Postgrad. Med. J. 51 :645–648, 1975.Google Scholar
  234. 234.
    Brancaccio, M., Legendre, G. G.: Megasphaera elsdenii endocarditis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 10: 72–74, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. 235.
    Busch, D. F., Sutter, V. L., Finegold, S. M.: Activity of combinations of antibiotics against Bacteroides fragilis. J. Infect. Dis. 133: 321–328, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    Carrizosa, J., Tanphaichitra, D., Levison, M. E.: Experimental Bacteroides fragilis endocarditis in rabbits. Infect. Immun. 15: 871–973, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. 237.
    Goldman, P. L., Durack, D. T., Petersdorf, R. G.: Effect of antibiotics on the prevention of experimental Bacteroides fragilis endocarditis. Antimicrobial Agents Chemother. 14: 755–760, 1978.Google Scholar
  238. 238.
    Durack, D. T., Peterdorf, R. G.: Chemotherapy of experimental streptococcal endocarditis. I. Comparison of commonly recommended prophylactic regimens. J. Clin. Invest. 52: 592–598, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Ward, C., Sagar, H. J., Cooper, D., Ward, A. M.: Insidious endocarditis caused by Chlamydia psittaci. Br. Med. J. 4: 734–735, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. 240.
    Dick, D. C., McGregor, C. G. A., Mitchell, K. G., Sommerville, R. G., Wheatley, D. J.: Endocarditis as a manifestation of Chlamydia B infection (psittacosis). Br. Heart J. 39: 914–916, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. 241.
    Van der Bel-Kahn, J. M., Watanakunakom, C., Menefee, M. G., Long, H. D., Dicter, R.: Chlamydia trachomatis endocarditis. Am. Heart J. 95: 627–636, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Editorial: Chlamydial endocarditis. Lancet 1: 132, 1980.Google Scholar
  243. 243.
    Regan, R. J., Dathan, J. R. E., and Trehame, J. D.: Infective endocarditis with glomerulo-nephritis associated with cat Chlamydia (C. psittaci) infection. Br. Heart J. 42: 349–352, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. 244.
    Laskowski, L. F., Marr, J. J., Spemoga, J. F., Frank, N. J., Barner, H. B., Kaiser, G., Tyras, D. H.: Fastidious mycobacteria grown from porcine prosthetic-heart-valve cultures. N. Engl. J. Med. 297: 101–102, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. 245.
    Levy, C., Curtin, J. A., Watkins, A., Marsh, B., Garcia, J., Mispireta, L.: Mycobacterium chelonei infection of porcine heart valves. N. Engl. J. Med. 297: 667–668, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. 246.
    O’Rourke, F., Shanahan, M. X., Harkness, J. L.: Endocarditis with an acid-fast organism after porcine heart-valve replacement (letter). Lancet 2: 686, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    Matthews, P. R. J., McDiarmid, A.: Endocarditis with acid-fast organism after porcine heart-valve replacement (letter). Lancet 2: 844. 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. 248.
    Altmann, G., Horowitz, A., Kaplinsky, N., Frankel, O.: Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Mycobacterium chelonei. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1: 531–533, 1975.Google Scholar
  249. 249.
    Becker, G. J., Walker, R. G., Dziukas, L. J., Harvey, K. J., Valentine, R., Kincaid-Smith, P.: Renal infection with Mycobacterium chelonei. Aust. N. Z. J. Med. 10: 44–47, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. 250.
    Narasimhan, S. L., Austin, T. W.: Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Mycobacterium fortuitum. Can. Med. Assoc. 119: 154–155, 1978.Google Scholar
  251. 251.
    Wainwright, J.: Tuberculous endocarditis-A report of 2 cases. S. Afr. Med. J. 56: 731–733, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    Rosman, M. S., Lubbe, W. F., Hayden, M., Basson, N., Uys, C. J.: Q fever endocarditis, a report of two cases. S. Afr. Med. J. 53: 296–300, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  253. 253.
    Wilson, H. G., Neilson, G. H., Galea, E. G., Stafford, G., O’Brien, M. F.: Q fever endocarditis in Queensland. Circulation 53: 680–684, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  254. 254.
    Turck, W. P. G., Howitt, G., Turnberg, L. A., Fox, H., Longson, M., Matthews, M. B., Das Gupta, R.: Chronic Q fever. Q. J. Med. N. Ser. 45: 193–217, 1976.Google Scholar
  255. 255.
    Kimbrough, R. C., Ormsbee, R. A., Peacock, M., Rogers, W. R., Bennets, R. W., Raaf, J., Krause, A., Gardner, C.: Q Fever endocarditis in the United States. Ann. Intern. Med. 91: 400–402, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  256. 256.
    Marquez, A. U. Junyent, J. M., Arara, V. V., Saqué, A. P., Cardellach, F., Lopez, F. N., Revgrt, L., Ròzman Y. C.: Endocarditis por Coxiella burnetti forma cronica de la fiebre Q: A propòsito de un caso. Med. Clin. (Barcelona) 73: 242–246, 1979.Google Scholar
  257. 257.
    Hall, G. H., Hart R. J. C., Davies, S. W., George, M., Head, A. C.: Glomerulonephritis associated with Coxiella burnetti endocarditis (letter). Br. Med. J. 2: 275, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. 258.
    Hossack, K. F., Neilson, G. H.: Excercise testing following aortic valve replacement for aortic incompetence due to Q fever endocarditis and bacterial endocarditis (abstract). Aust. N. Z. J. Med. 6: 184, 1976.Google Scholar
  259. 259.
    Turck, W. P. G.: Observations on Q fever endocarditis (letter). Am. Heart J. 96: 564–565, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. 260.
    Lerner, A. M.: Myocarditis and pericarditis, in: Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, Mandell, G. L., Douglas, R. G., Jr., Bennett, J. E., eds. John Wiley, New York, pp. 711–723, 1979.Google Scholar
  261. 161.
    Durack, D. T., Beeson, P. B., Petersdorf, R. G.: Experimental bacterial endocarditis. III. Production and progress of the disease in rabbits. Br. J. Exp. Pathol. 54: 142–151, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  262. 262.
    Reisberg, B. E.: Infective endocarditis in the narcotic addict. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis. 22: 193–204, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. 263.
    Curry, C. R., Quie, P. G.: Fungal septicemia in patients receiving parenteral hyperalimentation. N. Engl. J. Med. 285: 1221–1225, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. 264.
    Canlas, M. S., Dillon, M. L., Jr.: Histoplasma capsulatum endocarditis: Report of a case following heart surgery. Angiology 28: 454–463, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. 265.
    Alexander, W. J., Mowry, R. W., Cobbs, C. G., Dismukes, W. E.: Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by histoplasma capsulatum. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 242: 1399–1400, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. 266.
    Meleny, H. E., cited by Kerr (292) (p. 78).Google Scholar
  267. 267.
    Walsh, T. J., Hutchins, G. M.: Aspergillus mural endocarditis. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 71: 640–644, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. 268.
    Case Records of the Massachusetts General Hospital: Case 27–1979. N. Engl. J. Med. 301: 34–42, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. 269.
    Rubenstein, E., Noriega, E. R., Simberkoff, M. S., Holzman, R., Rahal, J. J.: Fungal endocarditis: Analysis of 24 cases and review of the literature. Medicine 54: 331–344, 1975.Google Scholar
  270. 270.
    Galgiani, J. N., Stevens, D. A.: Fungal endocarditis: Need for guidelines in evaluating therapy-Experience with two patients previously reported. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 73: 293–296, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  271. 271.
    Carrizosa, J., Kohn, C., Levison, M. E.: Experimental Aspergillus endocarditis in rabbits. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 86: 746–753, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. 272.
    Iannini, P. B., Everett, E. D., Pappas, G., LaForce, F. M.: Candida precipitins as a diagnostic aid in Candida endocarditis. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 236: 2518–2520, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. 273.
    Bacon, P. A., Davidson, C., Smith, B.: Antibodies to Candida and autoantibodies in subacute bacterial endocarditis. Q. J. Med. N. Ser. 43: 537–550, 1974.Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Wain, W., Thompson, “R., Ahmed, M., Yacoub, M.: The role of chemotherapy in the management of fungal endocarditis following homograft valve replacement. Postgrad. Med. J. 55: 629–631, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  275. 275.
    Medoff, G., Kobayashi: G. S.: Strategies in treatment of septenia fungal infections. N. Engl. J. Med. 302: 145–155, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  276. 276.
    Weinstein, L., Schlesinger, J.: Treatment of infective endocarditis-1973, in: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, Vol. XVI, Sonnenblick, E. H., ed. Grune and Stratton, New York, pp. 275–302, 1973.Google Scholar
  277. 277.
    Sande, M. A., Bowman, C. R., Calderone, R. A.: Experimental Candida albicans endocarditis: Characterization of the disease and response to therapy. Infect. Immun. 17: 140–147, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  278. 278.
    Calderone, R. A., Rotondo, M. F., Sande, M. A.: Candida albicans endocarditis: Ultrastructural studies of vegetation formation. Infect. Immun. 20: 279–289, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  279. 279.
    Al-Doory, Y., Paasch, L. H., Zook, B. C., Rhorer, R. G.: Pathological studies in experimental candida endocarditis. Jpn. Heart J. 20: 427–440, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. 280.
    Southwick, F. S., Durack, D. T.: Chemotherapy of experimental streptococcal endocarditis. III. Failure of a bacteriostatic agent (tetracycline) in prophylaxis. J. Clin. Pathol. 27: 261–264, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  281. 281.
    Pelletier, L. L., Durack, D. T., Petersdorf, R. G., Nielson, K.: Chemotherapy of experimental streptococcal endocarditis. IV. Further observations on prophylaxis. J. Clin. Invest. 56: 319–330, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  282. 282.
    Durack, D. T., Starkebaum, M. K., Petersdorf, R. G.: Chemotherapy of experimental endocarditis. VI. Prevention of enterococcal endocarditis. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 90: 171–179, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. 283.
    McClellan, J. R., Hamilton, J. D., Alexander, J. A., Wolfe, W. G., Reed, J. B.: Paecilomyces varioti endocarditis on a prosthetic aortic valve. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 71: 472–475, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  284. 284.
    Naveh, Y., Friedman, A., Merzbach, D., Hashman, N.: Case reports: Endocarditis caused by rhodotorula successfully treated with 5 fluorocytosine. Br. Heart J. 37: 101–104, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  285. 285.
    Cornere, B. M.: Torulopsis glabrata endocarditis (letter). Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 71: 737, 1979.Google Scholar
  286. 286.
    Marier, R., Zakhireh, B., Downs, J., Wynne, B., Hammond, G. L., Andriole, V. T.: Trichosporon cutaneum endocarditis. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 10: 255–256, 1978.Google Scholar
  287. 287.
    Roberts, F. J., Allen, P., Maybee, T. K.: Petriellidium boydii (Allescheria boydii) endocarditis associated with porcine valve replacement (letter). Can. Med. Assoc. J. 117: 1250–1252, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  288. 288.
    Davis, W. A., Isner, J., Bracery, A., Roberts, W. C., Garagusi, V. F.: Disseminated Petriellidium boydii and pacemaker endocarditis. Am. J. Med. 69: 929–932, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  289. 289.
    Ruegsegger, J. M.: Pneumococcal endocarditis. Am. Heart J. 56: 867–877, 1958.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  290. 290.
    Svanbom, M., Strandell, T.: Bacterial endocarditis. I. A prospective study of etiology, underlying factors and foci of infection. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 10: 193–202, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. 291.
    Tolaymat, A., Rhatigan, R. M., Levin, S.: Pneumococcal endocarditis in infants. South. Med. J. 72: 448–451, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  292. 292.
    Kerr, A.: Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Illinois, 343 pages, 1955.Google Scholar
  293. 293.
    Condie, F, Handsfield, H. H., Taylor, J. W., Klopfenstein, L.: Death due to gonococcal endocarditis-Washington State. Morbid. Mortal. Weekly Rep. 28: 261, 1979.Google Scholar
  294. 294.
    John, J. F., Nichols, J. T., Eisenhower, E. A., Farrar, W. E.: Gonococcal endocarditis. Sexually Transm. Dis. 4: 84–88, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  295. 295.
    Dzindzio, B. S., Meyer, L. R., Osterholm, R., Hopeman, A., Woltjen, J., Forker, A. D.: Isolated gonococcal pulmonary valve endocarditis: Diagnosis by echocardiography. Circulation 59: 1319–1324, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  296. 296.
    Cooke, D. B., Arensberg, D., Feiner, J. M., Rimland, D., Lesser, L. M.: Gonococcal endocarditis in the antibiotic era. Arch. Intern. Med. 139: 1247–1250, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  297. 297.
    Kaspar, R. L., Drutz, D. J.: Perihepatitis and hepatitis as complications of experimental endocarditis due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the rabbit. J. Infect. Dis. 136: 37–42, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  298. 298.
    Thong, L., Daha, M. R., Eulderink, F., Kooy-Bauer, W. C., Thompson, J.: Experimental Streptococcus sanguis endocarditis: Immune complexes and renal involvement. Clin. Exp. Immunol. 40: 469–477, 1980.Google Scholar
  299. 299.
    Fass, R. J., Saslaw, S.: Chronic meningococcemia. Arch. Intern. Med. 130: 943–946, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  300. 300.
    Gay, R. M., Sevier, R. E.: Neisseria sicca endocarditis: Report of a case and review of the literature. J. Clin. Microbiol. 8: 729–732, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  301. 301.
    Pollock, A. A., Holzman, R. S.: Neisseria catarrhalis endocarditis. Ann. Intern. Med. 85: 206–207, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  302. 302.
    Douer, D., Danziger, Y., Pinkhas, J.: Neisseria catarrhalis endocarditis (letter). Ann. Intern. Med. 86: 116, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  303. 303.
    Keys, T. F., Hewitt, W. L.: Endocarditis due to micrococci and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Arch. Intern. Med. 132: 216–220, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  304. 304.
    Bernardet, P., Auvergnat, J.-C., Donzear, J.-P., Suc, C., Sabot, G., Sassi, J.-L.: Endocardites bactériennes à Staphylococcus epidermidis. Nouv. Presse Med. 8: 1671–1673, 1979.Google Scholar
  305. 305.
    Williams, D. N., Peterson, P. K., Verhoef, J., Laverdiere, M., Sabath, L. D.: Endocarditis caused by coagulase-negative Staphylococci. Infection 7: 5–9, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  306. 306.
    Schoenbaum, S. C., Gardner, P., Shillito, J Infections of cerebro-spinal fluid shunts: Epidemiology, clinical manifestations and therapy. J. Infect. Dis. 131: 543–552, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  307. 307.
    Labrune, B., Levy, M., Bauby, C., Gubler, M.-C., Mallet, R.: Les glomerulonephrites secondaires aux derivations ventriculo-atriales (“shunt nephritis”). Arch. Fr. Pediatr. 30: 793–808, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  308. 308.
    Stickler, G. B., Shin, M. H., Burke, E. C., Holley, K. E., Miller, R. H., Segar, W. E.: Diffuse glomerulonephritis associated with infected ventriculoatrial shunt. N. Engl. J. Med. 279: 1077–1082, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  309. 309.
    Verhoef, J., Peterson, P. K., Williams, D. N., Laverdiere, M., Sabath, L. D.: Atrio-ventricular shunt infections and endocarditis due to Staphylococcus epidermidis. Zentralbi. Bakteriol. Hyg. Parasitenkd. Abt. 1: Orig Infektionskr. A241: 95–100, 1978.Google Scholar
  310. 310.
    Old, D. C., McNeill, G. P.: Endocarditis due to Micrococcus sedentarius incertae sedis. J. Clin. Pathol. 32: 951–952, 1979.Google Scholar
  311. 311.
    Rhame, F. S., Maki, D. G., Bennett, J. V.: Intravenous cannula-associated infections, in: Hospital Infections, Bennett, J. V., Brachman, P. S., eds. Little, Brown, Boston, pp. 433–442, 1979.Google Scholar
  312. 312.
    Karchmer, A. W., Dismukes, W. E., Johnson, W. D., Jr., Wilson, W. R., Archer, G. L., Sande, M. A.: Staphylococcus epidermidis prosthetic valve endocarditis. 1 1th International Congress of Chemotherapy and 19th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 1979Google Scholar
  313. 313.
    Liekweg, W. G. J., Levinson, S. A., Greenfield, L. J.: Infections of vascular grafts: Incidence, anatomic location, etiologic agents, morbidity and mortality, in: Infections of Prosthetic Heart Valves and Vascular Grafts, Duma, R. J., ed. University Park Press, Baltimore, pp. 239–251, 1977.Google Scholar
  314. 314.
    Penicillin-resistant Viridans streptococcal endocarditis—North Carolina. Morbid. Mortal. Weekly Rep. 28: 327–333, 1979.Google Scholar
  315. 315.
    Bourgault, A.-M., Wilson, W. R., Washington, J. A., II: Antimicrobial susceptibilities of species of Viridans Streptococci. J. Infect. Dis. 140: 316–321, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  316. 316.
    Klein, R. S., Recco, R. A., Catalano, M. T., Edberg, S. C., Casey, J. I., Steigbigel, N. H.: Association of Streptococcus bovis with carcinoma of the colon. N. Engl. J. Med. 297: 800–802, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  317. 317.
    Noble, C. J., Uttley, A. H. C., Falk, R. H., Richardson, P. J.: Streptococcus bovis endocarditis and colonic cancer (letter). Lancet 1: 766, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  318. 318.
    Brooks, R. J., Ravreby, W. D., Keusch, G., Bottone, E.: More on Streptococcus bovis endocarditis and bowel carcinoma (letter). N. Engl. J. Med. 298: 572, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  319. 319.
    Levy, B. S., Von Reyon, C. F., Arbeit, R. D., Friedland, J., Crumpacker, C.: More on Streptococcus bovis endocarditis and bowel carcinoma (letter). N. Engl. J. Med. 298: 572–573, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  320. 320.
    Murray, H. W., Roberts, R. B.: Streptococcus bovis bacteremia heralding serious gastrointestinal disease. 17th ICAAC, 1977, Abstract 376.Google Scholar
  321. 321.
    Ponge, B., Launois, J. P.: Association cancer digestif et endocardite subaigüe. Nouv. Presse Med. 8: 2201, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  322. 322.
    Dona, M., Dechy, H., Dournon, E., Le Mercier, Y., Coulbois, J., Lang, F.: Association d’endocardites à streptocoques D avec des cancers digestifs—Remarques critiques sur la notion de la portée. Nouv. Presse Med. 8: 3174, 1979.Google Scholar
  323. 323.
    Dunham, W. R., Simpson, J. H., Feest, T. G., Cruickshank, J. G.: Streptococcus bovis endocarditis and colorectal disease. Lancet 1: 421–422, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  324. 324.
    Wasilauskas, B. L.: Subacute bacterial endocarditis caused by Group G hemolytic Streptococcus. Am. J. Dis. Child. 131: 1416–1417, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  325. 325.
    Bouza, E., Meyer, R. D., Busch, D. F.: Group G streptococcal endocarditis. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 70: 108–111, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  326. 326.
    Savitch, C. B., Barry, A. L., Hoeprich, P. D., Infective endocarditis caused by Streptococcus bovis resistant to the lethal effect of penicillin G. Arch. Intern. Med. 138: 931–934, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  327. 327.
    Scheld, W. M., Sande, M. A.: Endocarditis and intravascular infections, in: Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, Mandell, G. L., Douglas, R. G., Bennett, J. E., eds. John Wiley, New York, pp. 653–690, 1979.Google Scholar
  328. 328.
    Parillo, J. E., Borst, C. G., Lt., Mazur, M. H., Iannini, P., Lt. Cd., Klempner, M. S., Moellering, R. C., Jr., Anderson, S. E., Cd.: Endocarditis due to resistant viridans Streptococci during oral penicillin chemoprophylaxis. N. Engl. J. Med. 300: 296–300, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  329. 329.
    Burch, K., Quinn, E. L., Romig, D., Cox, F., Fisher, E., Madhavan, T.: Penicillin-resistant viridans streptococcus endocarditis related to the administration of penicillin G or carbenicillin and alterations in mouth flora. Henry Ford Hosp. Med. J. 23: 3–8, 1975.Google Scholar
  330. 330.
    Upton, G. W., Dalton, H. P., Kolstad, R. A.: Bacteriocin typing of streptococcal isolates from endocarditis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 5: 517–520, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  331. 331.
    Masur, H., Murray, H. W., Gross, K., Roberts, R. B.: Streptococcus milleri: A viridans streptococcus causing significant pyogenic infection. 17th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 1977, Abstract 375.Google Scholar
  332. 332.
    Smith, J. P., Marymont, J. H., Schweers, J. H.: Subacute bacterial endocarditis due to Streptococcus mutans. Am. J. Med. Technol. 43: 429–432, 1976.Google Scholar
  333. 333.
    Horodniceanu, T., Delbos, F., Chabbert, Y. A.: Caractéristiques des socuhes de Streptococcus mutans isolées d’endocardites subaigües et sensibilité aux antibiotiques. Ann. Microbiol. 128A: 205–216, 1977.Google Scholar
  334. 334.
    Emmerson, A. M., Eykyn, S.: Streptococcus mutans endocarditis—A trap for the unwary (letter). Br. Med. J. 1: 905, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  335. 335.
    Blair, D. C., Martin, D. B.: Beta hemolytic streptococcal endocarditis: Predominance of non-group a organisms. Am. J. Med. Sci. 276: 269–277, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  336. 336.
    Jones, J. E. T.: Bacterial endocarditis in the pig with special reference to streptococcal endocarditis. J. Comp. Pathol. 90: 11–28, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  337. 337.
    Vilde, J.-L., Roujeau, J.-C., Bure, A., Verliac, F., Bastin, R.: Infections graves et septicémies à streptocoque du groupe B chez 1’adulte—A propos de 4 observations, dont une endocardite tricuspidienne compliquée de glomerulonéphrite. Sem. Hop. Paris 50: 355–362, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  338. 338.
    John, J. F., Jr., Cook, F. V.: Endocarditis associated with disseminated group B streptococcal infection. Amer. J. Med. Sci. 274: 197–201, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  339. 339.
    Hager, W. D., Speck, E. L., Mathew, P. K., Boger, J. N., Wallace, W. A.: Endocarditis with myocardial abscesses and pericarditis in an adult—Group B streptococcus as a cause. Arch. Intern. Med. 137: 1725–1728, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  340. 340.
    Reid, T. M. S.: Group B streptococcal endocarditis. Scot. Med. J. 22: 13–15, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  341. 341.
    Lerner, P. I., Gopalakrishna, K. V., Wolinsky, E., McHenry, M. C., Tan, J. S., Rosenthal, M.: Group B streptococcus (S. agalactiae) bacteremia in adults: Analysis of 32 cases and review of the literature. Medicine 56: 457–473, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  342. 342.
    Murcia, A., Lyons, R. W.: Group B streptococcus endocarditis in a prosthetic valve. Arch. Intern. Med. 138: 1304–1306, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  343. 343.
    Jemsek, J. G., Gentry, L. O., Greenberg, S. B.: Malignant Group B streptococcal endocarditis associated with saline-induced abortion. Chest 76: 965–967, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  344. 344.
    Untereker, W. J., Hanna, B. A.: Endocarditis and osteomyelitis caused by Aerococcus viridans. Mt. Sinai J. Med. 43: 248–252, 1976.Google Scholar
  345. 345.
    Gorbach, S. L.: Other anaerobic bacteria, in: Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, Mandell, G. L., Douglas, R. G., Bennett, J. E., eds. John Wiley, New York, pp. 1893–1899, 1979.Google Scholar
  346. 346.
    Boyd, A. D., Spencer, F. C., Isom, O. W., Cunningham, J. N., Reed, G. E., Acinapura, A. J., Tice, D. A.: Infective endocarditis—An analysis of 54 surgically treated patients. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 73: 23–30, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  347. 347.
    Okies, J. E., Starr, A.: Cardiac surgery in infective endocarditis, in: Infective Endocarditis, Rahimtoola, S. H., ed. Grune and Stratton, New York, pp. 361–377, 1978.Google Scholar
  348. 348.
    Stinson, E. B.: Surgical treatment of infective endocarditis. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis. 22: 145–168, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  349. 349.
    McAnulty, J. H., Rahimtoola, S. H.: Surgery for infective endocarditis. Clin. Cardiol. 242: 77–79, 1979.Google Scholar
  350. 350.
    Editorial: Surgical treatment of infective endocarditis. Lancet 1 :194–195, 1979.Google Scholar
  351. 351.
    Rapaport, E.: Editorial: The changing role of surgery of the management of infective endocarditis. Circulation 58: 598–599, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  352. 352.
    Black, S., O’Rourke, R. A., Karliner, J. S.: Role of surgery in the treatment of primary infective endocarditis. Am. J. Med. 56: 357–368, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  353. 353.
    Wilson, W. R., Danielson, G. K., Giuliani, E. R., Washington, J. A., II, Jaumin, P. M., Geraci, J. E.: Cardiac valve replacement in congestive heart failure due to infective endocarditis. Mayo Clin. Proc. 54: 223–226, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  354. 354.
    Richardson, J. V., Karp, R. B., Kirklin, J. W., Dismukes, W. E.: Treatment of infective endocarditis: A 10-year comparative analysis. Circulation 58: 589–597, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  355. 355.
    Borges, J. S., Roberts, R. B., Johnson, W. D.: Bacterial endocarditis: Valve replacement in aortic insufficiency. Ann. Intern. Med. 79: 757–758, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  356. 356.
    Becker, R. M., Frishman, W., Frater, R. M.: Surgery for mitral valve endocarditis. Chest 75: 314–319, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  357. 357.
    Brockman, S. K., Aprili, S. N., Rabiner, F. S.: Aortic valve replacement in hemophilia—Report of a case. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 222: 660–661, 1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  358. 358.
    Nazarian, M., McCullough, G. H., Fielder, D. L.: Bacterial endocarditis in pregnancy—Successful surgical correction. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 71: 880–883, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  359. 359.
    Bastin, R., Le Heuzy, J. Y., Frottier, J., Vilde, J. L., Bricaire, F., Kernbaum, S., Verliac, F.: Endocardite bactérienne et insuffisance mitrale avec rupture de cordages. Med. Malad. Infect. 9: 603–608, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  360. 360.
    Heraief, E., Glauser, M., Freedman, L. R.: Vancomycin prophylaxis of streptococcal endocarditis in rats, in: Current Chemotherapy and Infectious Disease (Proceedings of the 11th International Congress of Chemotherapy and 19th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, American Society of Microbiology, Washington, D.C., pp. 911–913, 1980.Google Scholar
  361. 361.
    Roberts, W. C.: Characteristics and consequences of infective endocarditis (active or healed or both) learned from morphologic studies, in: Infective Endocarditis, Rahimtoola, S. H., ed. Grune and Stratton, New York, pp. 55–123, 1978.Google Scholar
  362. 362.
    Sethia, B., Williams, B. T.: Tricuspid valve excision without replacement in a case of endocarditis secondary to drug abuse. Br. Heart J. 40: 579–580, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  363. 363.
    Simberkoff, M. S., Isom, W., Smithivas, T.: Noriega, E. R., Rahal, J. J.: Two-stage tricuspid valve replacement for mixed bacterial endocarditis. Arch. Intern. Med. 133: 212–216, 1974.Google Scholar
  364. 364.
    Wright, J. S., Glennie, J. S.: Excision of tricuspid valve with later replacement in endocarditis of drug addiction. Thorax 33: 518–519, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  365. 365.
    Arneborn, P., Björk, V. O., Rodriguez, L., Svanbom, M.: Two-stage replacement of tricuspid valve in active endocarditis. Br. Heart J. 39: 1276–1278, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  366. 366.
    Reller, L. B.: Valve resection for endocarditis (letter). Ann. Intern. Med. 90: 277–278, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  367. 367.
    Egeblad, H., Wennevold, A., Berning, J., Lauridsen, P.: Mitral valve replacement in infective endocarditis as prophylaxis against embolism: Identification of patients at riskby 2-dimensional echocardiogarphy. Eur. J. Cardiol. 10: 369–373, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  368. 368.
    Pfeifer, J. F., Lipton, M. J., Oury, J. H., Angell, W. W., Hultgren, H. N.: Acute coronary embolism complicating bacterial endocarditis: Operative treatment. Am. J. Cardiol. 37: 920–922, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  369. 369.
    Montague, N. T., Sugg, W. L.: Candida endocarditis with femoral emboli. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 67: 322–327, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  370. 370.
    Gladstone, J. L., Friedman, S. A., Cerruti, M. M., Jomain, S. L.: Treatment of candida endocarditis and arterits. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 71: 835–838, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  371. 371.
    Gulmen, S., Anderson, W. R.: Candida endocarditis with distal aortic embolization. Minn. Med. 60: 469–471, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  372. 372.
    Collins, G. J., Rich, N. M., Hobson, R. W., Anderson, C. A., Green, D.: Multiple mycotic aneurisms due to candida endocarditis. Ann. Surg. 186: 136–139, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  373. 373.
    Weinstein, L., Rubin, R. H.: Infective endocarditis-1973, in: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, Vol. XVI, No. 3, Sonnenblick, E. H., ed., Grune and Stratton, New York, pp. 239–274, 1973.Google Scholar
  374. 374.
    Danielson, G. K., Titus, J. L., DuShane, J. W.: Successful treatment of aortic valve endocarditis and aortic root abacesses by insertion of prosthetic valve in ascending aorta and placement of bypass grafts to coronary arteries. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 67: 443–449, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  375. 375.
    Pitlik, S., Cohen, L., Melamed, R., Rosenfeld, J.: Mural endocarditis associated with recurrent false aneurysm of the left ventricle. Chest 71: 227–229, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  376. 376.
    Frantz, P. T., Murray, G. F., Benson, R. W.: Surgical management of left ventricular aortic discontinuity complicating bacterial endocarditis. Ann. Thorac. Surg. 29: 1–7, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  377. 377.
    Lindenauer, S. M.: Surgical treatment of infected grafts, in: Infections of Prosthetic Heart Valves and Vascular Grafts, Duma, R. J., ed. University Park Press, Baltimore, pp. 287–302, 1977.Google Scholar
  378. 378.
    Maki, D. G., Jarrett, F., Sarafin, H. W.: A semiquantitative culture method for indentification of catheter-related infection in the burn patient. J. Surg. Res. 22: 513–520, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  379. 379.
    Garrison, P., Freedman, L. R.: Experimental endocarditis. I. Staphylococcal endocarditis in rabbits resulting from placement of a polyethylene catheter in the right side of the heart. Yale J. Biol. Med. 42: 394–410, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  380. 380.
    Goldmann, D. A., Maki, D. G.: Infection control in total parenteral nutrition. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 223: 1360–1364, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  381. 381.
    Dillon, J. D., Jr., Schaffner, W., Van Way, C. W., III, Meng, H. C.: Septicemia and total parenteral nutrition—Distinguishing catheter-related from other septic episodes. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 223: 1341–1344, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  382. 382.
    Montgomerie, J. Z., Edwards, J. E., Jr.: Association of infection due to Candida albicans with intravenous hyperalimentation. J. Infect. Dis. 137: 197–201, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  383. 383.
    Band, J. D., Maki, D. G.: Infections caused by arterial catheters used for hemodynamic monitoring. Am. J. Med. 67: 735–741, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  384. 384.
    McGoon, M. D., Benedetto, P. W., Greene, B. M.: Complications of percutaneous central venous catherization: A report of two cases and review of the literature. Johns Hopkins Med. J. 145: 1–6, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  385. 385.
    Sande, M. A., Levison, M. E., Lukas, D. S., Kaye, D.: Bacteremia associated with cardiac catheterization. N. Engl. J. Med. 281: 1104–1106, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  386. 386.
    Sipes, J. N., Thompson, R. L., Hook, E. W.: Prophylaxis of infective endocarditis: A reevaluation Annu. Rev. Med. 28: 371–391, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  387. 387.
    Rubin, S. J., Lyons, R. W., Murcia, A. J.: Endocarditis associated with cardiac catheterization due to a gram-positive coccus designated Micrococcus mucilaginosus incertae sedis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 7: 546–549, 1978.Google Scholar
  388. 388.
    Delaye, J., Beaune, J., Pourchaire, J., Loire, R.: Gonin, A.: Les risques de l’exploration hémodynamique dans l’endocardite infectieuse. Coeur Med. Interne 15: 533–540, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  389. 389.
    Garcia, R., Hakimi-Naini, M.: Bacterial endocarditis and incarceration of a transvenous pacemaker. Henry Ford Hosp. Med. J. 23: 135–140, 1975.Google Scholar
  390. 390.
    Ward, C., Naik, D. R., Jonstone, M. C.: Tricuspid endocarditis complicating pacemaker implantation demonstrated by echocardiography. Br. J. Radiol. 52: 501–502, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  391. 391.
    Bryan, C. S., Sutton, J. P., Saunders, D. E., Longaker, D. W., Smith, C. W.: Endocarditis related to transvenous pacemakers. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 75: 758–762, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  392. 392.
    Leonard, A., Raij, L., Shapiro, F. L.: Bacterial endocarditis in regularly dialyzed patients. Kidney Int. 4: 407–422, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  393. 393.
    Storck, D., Jeanmaire, H., Geitner, S., Kuntz, J. L., Herrmann, P.: Endocarditis bactériennes revelées par des manifestations rhumatismales. J. Med. Strasbourg 8: 537–540, 1977.Google Scholar
  394. 394.
    Choubrac, P., Mathé, G., Haas, C., Crickx, B., Robin, P.-M., Dyan, A., Dubois, G.: Spondylodiscites révélatrices d’endocardites bactériennes. Ann. Med. Interne 127: 117–121, 1976.Google Scholar
  395. 395.
    Acar, J.-F., Durin, R., Deloux, G., Barthalon, M., Guibert, J.: A propos de deux cas de spondylodiscites révélatrices d’une endocardite à Streptocoque viridans. Gaz. Med. Fr. 81: 2351–2356, 1974.Google Scholar
  396. 396.
    Good, A. E., Hague, J. M., Kauffmann, C. A.: Streptococcal endocarditis initially seen as septic arthritis. Arch. Intern. Med. 138: 805–806, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  397. 397.
    Rodriguez, C., Ryckewaert, A., Dryll, A.: Manifestations articulaires et musculaires des endocardites bactériennes. Nouv. Presse Med. 7: 4111–4114, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  398. 398.
    Mund, D. J.: Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis-Manifestation of bacterial endocarditis. N. Y. State J. Med. 80: 980–982, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  399. 399.
    Musher, D. M., Thorsteinsson, S. B., Minuth, J. N., Luchi, R. J.: Vertebral osteomyelitis-Still a diagnostic pitfall. Arch. Intern. Med. 136: 105–110, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  400. 400.
    Baglin, A., Normand, J.-P., Tancrède, C., Callard, P., Brunet, A., Fritel, D.: Anurie prolongée au cours d’une endocardite bactérienne. Ann. Med. Interne. 126: 241–250, 1975.Google Scholar
  401. 401.
    Pertschuk, L. P., Vuletin, J. C., Sutton, A. L., Velazquez, L. A.: Demonstration of antigen and immune complex in glomerulonephritis due to Staphylococcus aureus. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 66: 1027, 1976.Google Scholar
  402. 402.
    McKenzie, P. E., Taylor, A. E., Woodroffe, A. J., Seymour, A. E., Chan, Y.-L., Clarkson, A. R.: Plasmapheresis in glomerulonephritis. Clin. Nephrol. 12: 97–108, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  403. 403.
    Holloway, Y., Dankert, J., Hess, J.: Penicillin tolerance and bacterial endocarditis. Lancet 1: 589, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  404. 404.
    Pelletier, L. L.: Treatment of experimental Staphyloccus aureus endocarditis: Effect of methicillin tolerance. Clin. Res. 28: 376A, 1980.Google Scholar
  405. 405.
    Savitch, C. B., Pulliam, L., Cooper, R., Mills, J.: (3-Lactam tolerance among strains of viridans streptococci recovered from patients with endocarditis previously treated with antimicrobials. 20th ICAAC, 1980, Abstract 355.Google Scholar
  406. 406.
    Pelletier, L. L., Petersdorf, R. G.: Infective endocarditis: A review of 125 cases from the University of Washington Hospitals, 1963–1972. Medicine 56 (4): 287–313, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  407. 407.
    Sande, M. A., Scheid, W. M.: Combination antibiotic therapy of bacterial endocarditis. Ann. Intern. Med. 92: 390–395, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  408. 408.
    Diaz, C. R., Fossieck, B. E., Parker, R. H.: Pseudomonas endocarditis: Cure with carbenicillin and polymyxin B. South. Med. J. 70: 869–871, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  409. 409.
    Smith, P. W., Chambers, W. A., Walker, C. A.: Ampicillin resistant Haemophilus parainfluenzae endocarditis. Am. J. Med. Sci. 278: 173–176, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  410. 410.
    Murray, B. E., Karchmer, A. W., Moellering, R. C., Jr.: Diphtheroid prosthetic valve endocarditis. Am. J. Med. 69: 838–848, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  411. 411.
    Bradsher, R. W., Wickre, C. G., Savage, A. M., Harston, W. E., Alford, R.: Histoplasma capsulatum endocarditis cured by amphotericin B combined with surgery. Chest 78: 791–795, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence R. Freedman
    • 1
  1. 1.VA Wadsworth Medical CenterUCLA School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations