Shock-Induced Modification of Inorganic Powders

  • R. A. Graham
  • B. Morosin
  • E. L. Venturini
  • E. K. Beauchamp
  • W. F. Hammetter
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 17)


Early exploratory work in Japan,1, 2 the Soviet Union3, 4 and the United States5, 6 demonstrated that high pressure shock-wave loading such as produced by the detonation of high explosives or high speed projectile impact can substantially alter solid state reactivity. Such effects are manifest in catalytic activity,2, 7, 8 compound synthesis,1–3, 9 enhanced sinterability, 6, 9–11 reduction in reaction start temperature,12, 13 rapid growth of dense phase crystallites5, 14 and strong bonding in dynamic compaction and explosive welding.15 That such effects can be utilized in industrial operations is well demonstrated in synthetic diamond production,16–17 polycrystalline cubic boron nitride production17 and explosive welding. 18 Scientists in the Soviet Union have maintained a continuing effort in shock-induced chemistry and shock modification13 but mechanisms to account for and control shock-induced solid state reactivity are poorly understood. Presently, significant efforts in this area are developing in Japan and the United States.


Shock Wave Electron Spin Resonance Electron Spin Resonance Signal Residual Strain Shock Loading 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Graham
    • 1
  • B. Morosin
    • 1
  • E. L. Venturini
    • 1
  • E. K. Beauchamp
    • 1
  • W. F. Hammetter
    • 1
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA

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