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Physiology and Pathophysiology of the Cerebro-Venous Circulation

  • Ludwig M. Auer

Abstract

The different cortical layers of the brain are drained by deep, intermediate and superficial branches of postcapillary venules (nomenclature of H. Duvernoy) [1]. Most of the cortical venous blood reaches the superficial pial veins, which have a rich network of short and long veno-venous connections [2]. The latter are draining into bridging veins, which enter the durai sinus. A number of large pial collateral veins, the Rolandic, Sylvian, Trolard’s vein, the superficial middle cerebral veins, and Labbé’s vein usually join in the temporo-parietal region. Another system of large draining veins collects blood from the deep structures and empties into the great vein of Galen. It is known from neurosurgical operations that the redundancy of the collateral venous system prevents circulatory disturbances if major collecting veins are occluded. Exceptions, however, are the Rolandic vein and, thus, the posterior part of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) including the confluens sinuum (Torcular herophili).

Keywords

Intracranial Pressure Cerebral Blood Volume Superior Sagittal Sinus Cerebral Vein Postcapillary Venule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludwig M. Auer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity of Homburg/SaarHomburg/SaarGermany

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