Ultrasound Diagnosis of Cerebro-Venous Flow Disturbances

  • M. Hennerici


Various ultrasound methods have been developed during the last decade for the diagnosis of cerebrovascular diseases affecting the extra-cranial carotid and vertebral arteries, the major intracranial cerebral arteries at the base of the skull and intrathoracic segments of the innominate, carotid and vertebral arteries near the aorta. These methods have also been used for the detection of heart diseases like valve disorders and abnormal movements of the cardiac walls, and for the diagnosis of peripheral vascular diseases affecting the aorta, its major branches (eg, the renal arteries) and the limb vessels. Finally laser Doppler techniques have been used to study capillary microcirculation (Table 1). The major advantage of these methods is that they can be used for non-invasive investigations of vascular processes during treatment and in long-term prospective trials.


Vertebral Artery Doppler Signal Transmural Pressure Ultrasound Method Latex Tube 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. Hennerici, W. Rautenberg, G. Sitzer and A. Schwartz, Transcranial Doppler ultrasound for the assessment of intracranial arterial flow velocity - Part 1. Examination technique and normal values, Surg. Neurol., 27: 439–448 (1987).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. H. Moreno, A. I. Katz, L. D. Gold and R. V. Reddy, Mechanics of distension of dog veins and other very thin-walled tubular structures, Circ. Res., 27: 1069–1080 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Hennerici
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of HeidelbergMannheim 1Germany

Personalised recommendations