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Nitrogen NMR pp 163-260 | Cite as

Nitrogen Chemical Shifts in Organic Compounds

  • M. Witanowski
  • L. Stefaniak
  • H. Januszewski

Abstract

The range of nitrogen chemical shifts in organic compounds is about 800 p.p.m. and may be even larger for paramagnetic complexes. However, the usefulness of the nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of any nucleus for structural investigations depends very much not only on the magnitude of the chemical shifts but also on the possibility of finding reasonable correlations of the shifts with molecular structure. Another important factor is the possible differentiation of closely related structures, such as those of isomeric compounds or molecules occurring in various chemical equilibria. Fortunately, a great deal has already been done by means of systematic investigation of organic compounds by nitrogen nuclear magnetic resonance, and rather simple empirical relationships between nitrogen chemical shift and molecular environment have been established for many important classes of such compounds. Theoretical explanations of observed chemical shifts usually provide a tool for probing deeply into the electronic structure of organic molecules.

Keywords

Lone Electron Pair Nitro Compound Frequency Scale Constant Scale Upfield Shift 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Company Ltd 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Witanowski
    • 1
  • L. Stefaniak
    • 1
  • H. Januszewski
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Organic ChemistryPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

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