Reproductive and Transformative
  • Edward E. Sampson
Part of the Critical Issues in Social Justice book series (CISJ)


It is apparent from the manner in which I have presented the previous three points of view that I find comfort in none of them. I would like to recommend a different position on the entire issue of the psychology-society relationship. In this position, the issues of “ought” and “is” are inextricably and necessarily bound together; this casts a different light on the relation between what we do as psychological scientists and the society in which we live. The position that I recommend derives in great part from the important account developed by the realist philosopher Roy Bhaskar (1979). His ideas crystallize some of the complex issues confronting all social scientists concerning both the relation between the individual and society and the relation between science and society.


Social Process Human Science Social Form Social Reproduction Psychological Scientist 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward E. Sampson
    • 1
  1. 1.Wright InstituteBerkeleyUSA

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