Long-Range Electrostatic Forces in Cylindrical Systems: Muscle and Virus Gels

  • Barry M. Millman


More than forty years ago it was suggested (Bemal and Fankuchen, 1941) that in certain aqueous gels, formed from cylindrical biological structures, stability results from a balance of long-range forces — particularly electrostatic repulsive and van der Waals attractive forces. Calculations based on this assumption were generally consistent with observed changes in equilibrium spacings in hexagonal, aqueous gels of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) as the ionic strength and pH were varied.


Lattice Spacing Tobacco Mosaic Virus Thin Filament Sarcomere Length Thick Filament 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry M. Millman
    • 1
  1. 1.Biophysics Interdepartmental Group Physics DepartmentUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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