Advertisement

Application of Luminescence Spectrometry to the Analysis of Fuels

  • Harold F. Smith

Abstract

Luminescence spectrometry, which includes fluorescence and phosphorescence, is based on the absorption and reemission of light by a molecule, ion, or atom. It is of great analytical usefulness because the emitted light is characteristic of the electronic structure of the emitting substance. The phenomenon of luminescence is not new; the first monograph on luminescence was written by Liceti in 1640.(1) In 1845, Herschel(2) reported on the luminescent characteristics of quinine sulfate. Stokes,(3) in 1852, observed that, in all cases, the light emitted from a molecule was at longer wavelengths than that which it absorbed. His observation was termed the “Stokes shift” and has since become well understood. In 1895, Weidman and Schmidt,(4) and, in 1907, Stark and Mayer,(5) reported the first systematic study of luminescence of aromatic molecules.

Keywords

Emission Spectrum Excitation Spectrum Aromatic Molecule Luminescent Characteristic Quinine Sulfate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    I. B. Berlman, “Handbook of Fluorescence Spectra of Aromatic Molecules,” Academic Press, New York (1965), p. 2.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Herschel, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) 135, 143 (1845).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. G. Stokes, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) 142, 463 (1852).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Wiedeman and G. C. Schmidt, Ann. Physik 56, 18 (1895).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Stark and R. Meyer, Physik. Z. 8, 250 (1907).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. Lommel, Pogg. Ann. 160, 75 (1877).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. L. Nichols and E. Merritt, Phys. Rev. 31, 376 (1910).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. E. White and A. Weissler, Anal. Chem. 34, 155R (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. E. White and A. Weissler, Anal. Chem. 36, 155R (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. E. White and A. Weissler, Anal. Chem. 38, 116R (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. M. Hercules, Anal. Chem. 38, 29A (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold F. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Inst. Div., UV Product DepartmentThe Perkin-Elmer Corp.NorwalkUSA

Personalised recommendations