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Role of Agents Other than cAMP in the Regulation of Differentiation of Nerve Cells

  • Kedar N. Prasad

Abstract

While studying the effect of peripheral tissue on the developing nervous system, Bueker1 observed a marked hypertrophy of chick embryonic sensory and sympathetic ganglia after the transplantation of mouse sarcoma tissue. It was later found2 that this hypertrophy was due to the release of a humoral factor by the tumor explants, and this factor was named nerve growth factor (NGF). NGF is essential for the growth, development, and maintenance of embyronic sympathetic ganglia, dorsal root ganglia, and sensory ganglia in vivo and in vitro.3–5 NGF appears to have a rather selective effect on the sympathetic system, although several reports indicate that NGF also stimulates other cell types; however, the magnitude of such effects is minor.6 Therefore, the main physiological effect of NGF may be on the sympathetic nervous system.6 This is supported by the fact that NGF antiserum produces a rapid and complete destruction of all para- and prevertebral ganglia.7.8 The NGF-antiserum-induced morphological changes that eventually lead to cell death are different from those produced by cytotoxic drugs.6 For example, the initial morphological changes seen after treatment with a cytotoxic agent such as 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) are first observed in the cytoplasm. These changes gradually spread to the nucleus and are followed by cell death. On the other hand, the lesion produced by NGF antiserum appears first in the nucleus and then in the cytoplasm. The nuclear damage is evidenced by nucleolar segregation and condensation of the chromatin.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kedar N. Prasad
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Colorado Medical CenterDenverUSA

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