Theory of Spontaneous Polarization

  • I. S. Zheludev


In the preceding chapter we have described linear pyroelectries, assuming simply that they exhibit spontaneous polarization. We have attributed this polarization to a transformation of the crystal structure from a nonpolar paraelectric form to a polar modification. Since ferroelectrics (more precisely, ferroelectric domains) belong to the polar symmetry classes of crystals, they can be regarded as a subgroup of pyroelectric materials. The formal similarity of the symmetry of ferroelectric domains and linear pyroelectrics as well as the similar absolute values of the spontaneous polarization of these two types of crystal do not exclude the possibility of a basic difference: before the appearance of the spontaneous polarization the antiparallel directions in ferroelectrics are equivalent, but in pyroelectrics they are not. Consequently, ferroelectrics split into domains, but linear pyroelectrics do not. This means that the spontaneous polarization of linear pyroelectrics cannot be rotated by an electric field, but the corresponding polarization of ferroelectrics can, and such rotation gives rise to the well-known dielectric hysteresis.


Barium Titanate Curie Point Internal Field Ferroelectric Phase Transition Triglycine Sulfate 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. S. Zheludev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of CrystallographyThe Academy of Sciences of the USSRMoscowUSSR

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