A Note on Pygidial Glands of Primitive Australian Ants: A New Source of Odorous Chemicals

  • B. D. Jackson
  • E. D. Morgan
  • J. P. J. Billen
Part of the Chromatographic Society Symposium Series book series (CSSS)


The pygidial gland of ants is an abdominal gland associated with the intersegmental membrane between the 6th and 7th abdominal tergites. Large pygidial glands are found in most species of the subfamily Dolichoderinae and in a number of species scattered throughout other subfamilies. However, the only non-dolichoderine pygidial gland to have been studied chemically is that of the ponerine Rhytidoponera metallica [1].


Gland Secretion Alarm Pheromone Dufour Gland Pygidial Gland Intersegmental Membrane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. Meinwald, D. F. Wiemer and B. Hölldobler, Pygidial gland secretions of the ponerine ant Rhytidoponera metallica, Naturwissenschaften, 70:46–47 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. D. Morgan and L. J. Wadhams, Gas chromatography of volatile compounds in small samples of biological materials, J. Chromatog. Sci., 10:528–529 (1972).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. P. J. Billen, B. D. Jackson and E. D. Morgan, The contents of the pygidial gland of the primitive ant Nothomyrmecia macrops (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Experientia. 44:794–797 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. D. Jackson, E. D. Morgan and J. P. J. Billen, Contents of the pygidial gland of the ant Myrmecia nigriceps (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), submitted, (1990).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. F. Ali, A. B. Attygalle, J. P. J. Billen, B. D. Jackson and E. D. Morgan, Change of Dufour gland contents with age of workers of Formica sanguínea (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Physiol Entomol., 13:249–255 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. W. Wheeler and R. M. Duffield, Pheromones of Hymenoptera and Isoptera, in: “Handbook of Natural Pesticides Vol. 4B Phermones”, E. D. Morgan and N. B. Mandava, eds., CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 59–206 (1988).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. S. Blum, “Chemical Defences of Arthropods”, Academic Press, New York and London (1981).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. B. Attygalle and E. D. Morgan, Chemicals from the glands of ants, Chem. Soc. Rev., 13:245–278 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. P. J. Billen, B. D. Jackson and E. D. Morgan, Secretion of the Dufour gland of the ant Nothomyrmecia macrops (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Experientia, 44:715–719 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. D. Jackson, J. P. J. Billen and E. D. Morgan, Dufour gland contents of 3 species of Myrmecia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), primitive ants of Australia, J. Chem. Ecol., 15:2191–2205(1989).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. W. Taylor, Nothomyrmecia macrops: a living-fossil ant rediscovered, Science, 201:979–985(1978).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    B. Hölldobler and R. W. Taylor, A behavioral study of the primitive ant Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark, Insectes Sociaux, 30:384–401 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. F. Howard, M. S. Blum and H. M. Fales, Defense in thrips: forbidding fruitiness of a lactone, Science, 220:335–336 (1983).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. J. Howard, J. R. J. Cazin and D. F. Wiemer, Toxicity of terpenoid deterrents to the leafcutting ant Atta cephalotes and its mutualistic fungus, J. Chem. Ecol., 14:59–69 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Eisner, A. F. Kluge, J. E. Carrel and J. Meinwald, Defense mechanisms of arthropods XXXIV Formic acid and acyclic ketones in the spray of a caterpillar, Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer., 65:765–766 (1972).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. R. Nault and P. L. Phelan, Alarm pheromones and sociality in pre-social insects, in: “Chemical Ecology of Insects”, W. J. Bell and R. T. Cardé, eds., Chapman and Hall, London, pp 237–256 (1984).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. M. Duffield, J. W. Wheeler and G. C. Eickwork, Sociochemicals of bees, in: “Chemical Ecology of Insects”, W. J. Bell and R. T. Cardé, eds., Chapman and Hall, London, pp 387–428 (1984).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. D. Jackson
    • 1
  • E. D. Morgan
    • 1
  • J. P. J. Billen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of KeeleKeele, StaffordshireUK
  2. 2.Zoological Institute of the UniversityLeuvenBelgium

Personalised recommendations