A Note on Pygidial Glands of Primitive Australian Ants: A New Source of Odorous Chemicals
The pygidial gland of ants is an abdominal gland associated with the intersegmental membrane between the 6th and 7th abdominal tergites. Large pygidial glands are found in most species of the subfamily Dolichoderinae and in a number of species scattered throughout other subfamilies. However, the only non-dolichoderine pygidial gland to have been studied chemically is that of the ponerine Rhytidoponera metallica .
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 4.B. D. Jackson, E. D. Morgan and J. P. J. Billen, Contents of the pygidial gland of the ant Myrmecia nigriceps (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), submitted, (1990).Google Scholar
- 6.J. W. Wheeler and R. M. Duffield, Pheromones of Hymenoptera and Isoptera, in: “Handbook of Natural Pesticides Vol. 4B Phermones”, E. D. Morgan and N. B. Mandava, eds., CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 59–206 (1988).Google Scholar
- 7.M. S. Blum, “Chemical Defences of Arthropods”, Academic Press, New York and London (1981).Google Scholar
- 10.B. D. Jackson, J. P. J. Billen and E. D. Morgan, Dufour gland contents of 3 species of Myrmecia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), primitive ants of Australia, J. Chem. Ecol., 15:2191–2205(1989).Google Scholar
- 11.R. W. Taylor, Nothomyrmecia macrops: a living-fossil ant rediscovered, Science, 201:979–985(1978).Google Scholar