Panel Discussion on Standards

  • John M. Osepchuk


The art and science of standards-making relative to safe exposure to electromagnetic fields is not trivial and includes some subtle issues. The thresholds for effects (hazardous or not) in animals at a given frequency are most simply expressed in terms of some exposure parameter, like power density, and an exposure duration.


Safety Factor Thermal Time Radio Frequency Radiation Safe Exposure COMECON Country 
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  1. 1.
    Tell, R.A. and Harlen, F., “A Review of Selected Biological Effects and Dosimetric Data Useful for Development of Radio Frequency Safety Standards for Human Exposure”, J. Mic. Power 14 (1), pp. 404–424, 1979.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Federal Radiation Protection Guidance; Proposed Alternatives for Controlling Public Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation”, Federal Register Vol. 51, No. 146 pp. 27318–27339, July 30, 1986.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Minin, B.A. Microwaves and Human Safety; Moscow; U.S. Translation JPRS-65506–2, 1974.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Osepchuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Raytheon Research DivisionLexingtonUSA

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