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Pitfalls in Pharmacokinetic Modeling of Monoclonal Antibody Biodistribution in Man

  • Giuliano Mariani
  • Luigi Ferrante
  • Aldo Rescigno
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 221)

Abstract

Immunoscintigraphy employing radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) specific for certain selected tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) is becoming increasingly accepted as a routine diagnostic procedure, particularly for staging patients with cancer. In fact, even though the diagnostic potentials of immunoscintigraphy have been explored for diverse applications including cardiovascular diseases (for the detection of thrombi or of damaged myocardial cells), oncology is certainly the field where clinical validation of this new imaging method has been most extensive [for a brief overview on the clinical usefulness of immunoscintigraphy and on some pharmacokinetic aspects concerning this new diagnostic procedure, see Mariani and Strober, 1990]. It is now widely acknowledged that tumor immunoscintigraphy is of great value in terms of both specificity (close to 100%) and sensitivity (about 75–80% on the average). In addition, one of the major advantages of this procedure has been shown to be the ability of detecting distant tumor lesions in about one-third of patients who are apparently “tumor-free” as classified by other, noninvasive diagnostic techniques; therefore, for some specific forms of cancer, immunoscintigraphy may be considered as a mandatory diagnostic procedure for correctly staging and monitoring patients, complementary to other techniques already well established in the clinical routine [Mariani et al., 1989].

Keywords

Pharmacokinetic Analysis Biodistribution Study Plasma Space Tumor Compartment Multicompartmental Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuliano Mariani
    • 1
  • Luigi Ferrante
    • 2
  • Aldo Rescigno
    • 3
  1. 1.CNR Institute of Clinical PhysiologySecond Medical Clinic of the University of PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Medical School of the University of AnconaAnconaItaly
  3. 3.School of PharmacyUniversity of ParmaParmaItaly

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