Radio Communication with the Brain

  • José M. R. Delgado


Many human beings are alive today because of recently developed electronic technology which has replaced the activity of defective biologic mechanisms. It is well known that a variety of organs, including the bladder, intestinal tract, stomach, muscles, and heart, can be driven by electrical stimulation provided by suitable instruments. It should be clarified, however, that this type of pacemaking is relatively simple in spite of its transcendental importance in saving the life of a patient with respiratory or cardiac arrest. When driving the contractions of the heart, we are providing a nonspecific trigger to an organ with functional consequences rigidly preestablished: the heart has only one response, the cardiac systole. Stimulation of the intestine produces the single-effect of peristaltic contractions. In contrast, the functional manifestations of the central nervous system have extraordinary multiplicity, and the brain holds the master control of most autonomic, somatic, behavioral, and psychic activities.


Radio Communication Radio Telemetry Secondary Coil Primary Coil Peristaltic Contraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Barwick, R.E. and P.J. Fullagar A bibliography of radio telemetry in biological studies. Proc. ecol. Soc. Aust., 2: 27, 1967Google Scholar
  2. Chaffee, E.L. and R.V. Light A method for the remote control of electrical stimulation of the nervous system. I. The history of electrical excitation. Yale J. Biol. Med., 7: 83–128, 1934–35.Google Scholar
  3. Delgado, J.M.R. Evaluation of permanent implantation of electrodes within the brain. EEG clin. Neurophysiol., 7: 637–644, 1955.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Delgado, J.M R. Telemetry and telestimulation of the brain. Pp. 231–249 in. Pp. 231–249 in: “Bio-Telemetry”, L. Slater, (Ed.), New York: Pergamon Press, 372 pp., 1963.Google Scholar
  5. Delgado, J.M.R. Free behavior and brain stimulation. Pp. 349–449 in: “International Review of Neurobiology” Vol. VI, C.C. Pfeiffer and J.R. Smythies, (Eds.), New York: Academic Press,1964.Google Scholar
  6. Delgado, J.M.R. Chronic radiostimulation of the brain in monkey colonies. Proc. int. Union physiol. Sci., 4: 365–371, 1965.Google Scholar
  7. Delgado, J.M.R., V.S. Johnston, J.D. Wallace, and R.J. Bradley Operant conditioning of amygdala spindling in the free chimpanzee. Brain Research, 22: 347–362, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Delgado, J.M.R., V. Mark, W. Sweet, F. Ervin, G. Weiss, G. Bach-YRita, and R. Hagiwara Intracerebral radio stimulation and recording in completely free patients.J.nerv.meht.Dis. 147: 329, 1968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Delgado, J.M.R. and D. Mir Fragmental organization of emotional behavior in the monkey. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 159: 731–751, 1969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Glenn, W.W.L., J.H. Hageman, A. Mauro, L. Eisenberg, S. Flanigan, and M. Harvard Electrical stimulation of excitable tissue by radio-frequency transmission. Ann. Surg., 160: 338–350, 1964.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Glenn, W.W.L. and W.G. Holcomb Bibliography on radiofrequency stimulation. Prepared for Technical Exhibit on RF Techniques. Amer. Coll. Surgeons, Atlantic City, October, 1968.Google Scholar
  12. Harris, G.W. The innervation and actions of the neurohypophysis; an investigation using the method of remote-control stimulation. Phil. Trans B, 232: 385–441, 1946–47.Google Scholar
  13. Hess, W.R. “Beitrage zur Physiologie d. Hirnstammes I. Die Methodik der lokalizierten Reizung und Ausschaltung subkortikaler Hirnabschnitte.” Leipzig: Georg Thième, 122 pp., 1932.Google Scholar
  14. Mackay, R.S. “Bio-Medical Telemetry.” New York:Wiley,388pp.,1968.Google Scholar
  15. Ramey, E.R. and D.S. O’Doherty, (Eds.) “Electrical Studies on the Unanesthetized Brain.” Nem York: Hoeber, 423 pp., 1960.Google Scholar
  16. Robinson, B.W., H. Warner, and H.E. Rosvold A head-mounted remote-controlled brain stimulator for use on rhesus monkeys. EEG clin. Neurophysiol., 17: 200–203, 1964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sheer, D.E. (Ed.) “Electrical Stimulation of the Brain”, Austin: Univ. Texas Press, 641 pp., 1961.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • José M. R. Delgado
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

Personalised recommendations