Electron Localization and Femtosecond Nonlinear Optical Responses in Liquids

  • Geraldine A. Kenney-Wallace
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 193)


The liquid and its electrical properties embrace concepts and theories from many scientific and engineering disciplines, whose different perspectives do not always appear compatible in interpreting microscopic behavior. In this respect, given my title, while the electrical properties of the liquid state are clearly related to electron transport phenomena, and photoionization, electron scattering, localization and solvation are important mechanistic steps linked to photoconductivity, conduction, electron mobility, space-charge effects and dielectric breakdown, precisely what are the roles of nonlinear optical responses? Indeed, do we fully understand nonlinear optical processes? For details on nonlinear responses, the reader is referred to a text on nonlinear optics and applications, which also summarizes the previous literature (Reintjes, 1984). Second harmonic generation, although usually not observed in isotropic systems through symmetry restrictions, can be a tool to observe surface structures via symmetry-breaking processes on surface films, the dynamic melting and recrystallization can be a tool to observe surface structures via symmetry-breaking processes on surface films, the dynamic melting and recrystallization. The induced-birefringence associated with strong space-charge effects around electrodes can be optically monitored through the optical Kerr effect. However, the goal of this chapter goes one step further: we propose to link the response of a disordered medium to a rapidly scattering excess electron to the intrinsic nonlinear polarizability response of the atoms or molecules along its trajectory.


Laser Pulse Pump Pulse Probe Pulse Nonlinear Optical Response Optical Kerr Effect 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geraldine A. Kenney-Wallace
    • 1
  1. 1.Lash Miller LaboratoriesUniversity of TorontoCanada

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