Marine Fishery Research

  • J. L. McHugh
Part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 10)


Marine fishery research had its origin in man’s reactions to a universal natural phenomenon, fluctuations in abundance. From the earliest days of fishing it has been known that catches of particular species are variable. We now know that these fluctuations were caused by annual changes in the success of spawning, or by changes in environmental conditions which altered patterns of migration or geographic distribution, or by both. The natural inclination then, as today, was to blame decreased catches upon one or more activities of man. When fishing was responsible for the decline, the nature of the effect was misunderstood, as it often is today. In a fully developed, but still healthy fishery, the catch-per-unit-of-effort is much less than it was when the virgin stock was first fished, the average size and age of the fish are considerably less, and the stock and its biology may be altered in various other ways. Fishery research began because people wanted to know the reasons for these changes, and if possible how to correct the situation.


Fishery Science Fishing Effort Sockeye Salmon Fishing Mortality Yellowfin Tuna 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. L. McHugh
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Sciences Research CenterState University of New York at Stony BrookLong IslandUSA

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