Human Learning

  • Michael W. Eysenck


There have been considerable changes in theoretical approaches to human learning and memory over the past 20 years or so. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, the emphasis was on the basic architecture of the human memory system. This structural approach found its apotheosis in the multistore model proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968, 1971). Disenchantment soon became manifest with this type of theorizing, in particular because it appeared to deemphasize the processes involved in learning and retrieval. As a consequence, Craik and Lockhart (1972) put forward their levels-of-processing theory, which focused on processes rather than on structure. This approach also fell into disfavor, in part because of the dawning realization that general theories of learning and memory (such as the multistore and levels-of-processing models) are likely to be grossly oversimplified.


Recognition Memory Episodic Memory Semantic Memory Retrieval Process Human Learning 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael W. Eysenck
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway and Bedford New CollegeUniversity of LondonEgham, SurreyUK

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