Progress on the Determination of Intermolecular Potential Energy Surfaces From High Resolution Spectroscopy
The determination of accurate intermolecular potentials has been a key focus in the understanding of collision and half-collision dynamics, but has been exceedingly difficult to obtain in quantitative detail for even the simplest molecular systems. Traditional methods of obtaining empirical intermolecular potential information have been from analysis of nonideal gas behavior, second virial coefficients, viscosity data and other transport phenomena.1–3 However, these data sample highly averaged collisional interactions over relative orientations, velocities, impact parameters, initial and final state energies, etc. As a result intermolecular potential information from such methods is limited to estimates of the molecular size and stickiness, i.e., essentially the depth and position of the energy minimum for an isotropic well.
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