Hemodynamic Effects of Ventricular Pacing

  • A. Raineri
  • P. Assennato
  • B. Candela
  • G. L. Piraino
  • G. Mercurio
  • M. Traina
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (volume 21)


Fixed rate ventricular pacing is used in most cases of implanted pacemakers. It does not usually create considerable hemodynamic problems, as the heart, by its adaptation mechanism, is capable of varying its pump performance to meet the metabolic needs[1,3].


Ejection Fraction Stroke Volume Hemodynamic Effect Strenuous Exercise Moderate Exercise 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Raineri
    • 1
  • P. Assennato
    • 1
  • B. Candela
    • 1
  • G. L. Piraino
    • 1
  • G. Mercurio
    • 1
  • M. Traina
    • 1
  1. 1.Cattedra di Fisiopatologia CardiovascolareUniversità di Palermo, PoliclinicoPalermoItaly

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