Modelling Storm Surge Current Structure

  • A. M. Davies
Part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 12)


With the development of offshore oil exploration, the need for an accurate determination of environmental conditions during extreme storms, for design purposes has increased. The design of offshore structures has to take account of both the forces due to waves and those exerted by storm driven currents. In the case of storm currents, the current’s profile is a significant factor in calculating design forces. Storm induced currents are generally a maximum at the sea surface, and, consequently, except for wave effects, have the largest contribution to design forces.


Storm Surge Tidal Current Eddy Viscosity Surface Current German Bight 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ambjorn, C., 1981 An operational oil drift model for the Baltic, in Proceedings of the Symposium on the Mechanics of Oil Slicks, Paris, France.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, J.R. and Jordan, T.F., 1981 Vertical structure of time-dependent flow for viscosity that depends on both depth and time. J.Phys.Oceanogr. 11, 1673–1674.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bowden, K.F., Fairbairn, L.A. and Hughes, P., 1959 The distribution of shearing stresses in a tidal current. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 2, 2 88–305.Google Scholar
  4. Bye, J., 1965 Wind-driven circulation in unstratified lakes. Limnol.Oceanocrr. 10, 451–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carter, D.J.T., 1982 Prediction of wave height and period for a constant wind velocity using the JONSWAP results. Ocean Engng., 9, 17–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Channon, R.D. and Hamilton, D., 1971 Sea Bottom velocity profiles on the Continental Shelf south-west of England, Nature 231, 383–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Csanady, G.T. and Shaw, P.T., 1980 The evolution of a turbulent Ekman layer. Journal of Geophysical Research, 85, 1537–1547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davies, A.M., 1980 Application of the Galerkin method to the formulation of a three- dimensional non-linear hydrodynamic sea model. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 4, 245–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Davies, A.M., 1981 Three dimensional hydrodynamic models. Part 1. A homogeneous ocean- shelf model. Part 2. A Stratified model of the northern North Sea pp 370–426 in Vol 2, The Norwegian Coastal Current (ed R. Saetre and M. Mork) Bergen University 795pp.Google Scholar
  10. Davies, A.M., 1983a Formulation of a linear three-dimensional hydrodynamic sea model using a Galerkin-Eigenfunction method. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 3, 33–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Davies, A.M., 1983b Comparison of computed and observed residual currents during JONSDAP’76. In: Coastal and Shelf Dynamical Oceanography ed B. Johns, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  12. Davies, A.M., 1984a Spectral models in Continental Shelf Sea Oceanography to appear in SCOR book on Coastal Oceanography ed N.S. Heaps.Google Scholar
  13. Davies, A.M., 1984b A three dimensional modal model of wind induced flow in a sea region, to appear in Progress in Oceanography.Google Scholar
  14. Davies, A.M., 1984c Application of a spectral model to the calculation of wind drift currents in a stratified sea. (in preparation).Google Scholar
  15. Davies, A.M. and Furnes, G.K., 1980 Observed and computed M2 tidal currents in the North Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography 10, 237–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Davies, A.M. and Furnes, G.K., 1984 On the determination of vertical structure functions for time dependent flow problems. (in preparation).Google Scholar
  17. Gordon, R.L., 1982 Coastal Ocean Current Response to storm winds. J.Geophys.Res. 87, 1939–1951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Heaps, N.S., 1972 On the numerical solution of the three-dimensional hydrodynamical equations for tides and storm surcres. Mem. Soc. r. Sci.Liege. Ser 6, 2,143–180.Google Scholar
  19. Heaps, N.S., 1981 Three-dimensional model for tides and surges with vertical eddy viscosity prescribed in two layers — I. Mathematical Formulation. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 64, 291–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hughes, P., 1956 A determination of the relation between wind and sea-surface drift. Q.J.R.Met.Soc. 82, 494–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ichiye, T., 1967 Upper ocean boundary-layer flow determined by dye diffusion. Phys. Fluids.Suppl. 10, 270–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mortimer, C.H., 1952 Water movements in lakes during summer stratification; evidence from the distribution of temperature in Windermere, Phil.Trans.B236, 355–404Google Scholar
  23. Newmann, G. and Pierson, W.J., 1964 Principles of Physical Oceanography, published Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  24. Riepma, H.W., 1978 Residual currents in the North Sea during IN/OUT phase of JONSDAP’76 (First results extended). ICES Pap. CM 1978/C:42 Hydrography CommitteeGoogle Scholar
  25. Provis, D.G. and Lennon, G.W., 1983 Eddy viscosity and Tidal Cycles in a Shallow Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 16, 351–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Smith, I.R., 1979 Hydraulic conditions in isothermal lakes, Freshwater Biology 9, 119–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Smith, T.J., 1982 On the representation of Reynolds stress in estuaries and shallow coastal sea, Journal of Physical Oceanography 12, 914–921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tomczak, G., 1964 Investigations with drift cards to determine the influence of the wind on surface currents. In: Studies in Oceanography. Tokyo University, Tokyo pp 129–139.Google Scholar
  29. Wolf, J., 1980 Estimation of shearing stresses in a tidal current with application to the Irish Sea, in, Marine Turbulence, ed, J. C. J. Nihoul, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Davies
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Oceanographic SciencesBidston ObservatoryBirkenhead, MerseysideEngland

Personalised recommendations