Peripheral and Central Nervous System Projections in Normal and Mutant (Bithorax) Drosophila Melanogaster

  • N. J. Strausfeld
  • Ram Naresh Singh
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 16)


Projections of axons from the wing, haltere and the head are described from silver intensified cobalt preparations of normal and bithorax mutant Drosophila. Dorsal projections from the homeotic wing into thoracic ganglia and to the brain are haltere-like. Ventral projections are wing-like. In general these results are in complete agreement with previous studies by Palka et al.1 and Ghysen2. However, considerable variation of projection patterns is seen between individual mutant animals some of which were previously described only from mosaics (clones of bithorax sensory fibers into normal ganglia).1 Evidence for possible transformations of the third thoracic ganglion in mutants is therefore ambiguous.

Projections of antennal sensory neurons and relay neurons from the head also do not support the notion that the third thoracic ganglion is transformed in these mutants.


Antennal Lobe Horse Radish Peroxidase Thoracic Ganglion Relay Neuron Giant Neuron 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. J. Strausfeld
    • 1
  • Ram Naresh Singh
    • 2
  1. 1.European Molecular Biology Laboratory69 HeidelbergFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Tata Institute of Fundamental ResearchBombayIndia

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