Processing of Hematitic Iron Ores

  • John Hanna
  • Ibezim J. Anazia


The beneficiation characteristics of low grade Birmingham red iron ores of the Big Seam and Ferruginous Sandstone seams were investigated using flotation and magnetic separation after reduction roasting. Samples of Big Seam ore responded more readily to concentration than the Ferruginous Sandstone ores. The impurities inherent with the iron oxide minerals limited the grade of concentrates recoverable from these ores to a maximum of about 61% Fe if reasonable iron recoveries are sought.

Flotation concentrates assaying 60–61% Fe and about 0.1% P with attendant iron recoveries of about 63% were achieved from Big Seam ore charges while those obtained from the low phosphorus Ferruginous Sandstone samples analyzed 54–56% Fe. Reductive roasting and magnetic separation of ground charges of the two ore samples yielded concentrates assaying 60–61% Fe. Iron recoveries were better than those achieved by flotation, but the magnetic products of Big Seam ore were high in phosphorus (0.2–0.3% P).


Magnetic Separation Gangue Mineral Iron Oxide Mineral Iron Recovery Magnetic Concentrate 
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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Hanna
    • 1
  • Ibezim J. Anazia
    • 1
  1. 1.Mineral Resources InstituteThe University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

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