The Behavior of Polyelectrolyte Adsorption on Kaolin

  • L. J. Morgan
  • S. M. Levine
  • J. S. Thompson


Polyelectrolyte structuring of fine kaolin particles leads to enhanced optical performance in paper coating applications. In this investigation, the interaction between such a polymer and kaolin has been probed by applying traditional surface chemical concepts supplemented by computer modeling to simulate adsorption behavior. We measured polymer adsorption isotherms and monitored surface chemistry changes during polymer adsorption. In conjunction with the surface chemistry studies, a variety of molecular modeling techniques were used to investigate charge distribution, polymer flexibility and adsorption behavior. By combining these results, we have a more detailed picture of the surface interaction.


Molecular Dynamic Calculation Polymer Adsorption Diallyldimethyl Ammonium Chloride Polymer Dosage Molecular Modeling Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hesselink, F. Th. (1983), in Adsorption from Solution at the Solid/Liquid Interface, G.D. Parfitt and C.H. Rochester, eds., Academic Press, NY.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    a) Pratt, Richard J., Slepetys, Richard A., Nemeh, Saad and Willis, Mitchell J., US Pat. 4, 738, 726 (1988);Google Scholar
  3. (b).
    Johns, R.E., Berube, R.R. and Slepetys, R.A. (1988), Fourth International Seminar for Paper-Making Technology, Seoul, S. Korea;Google Scholar
  4. (c).
    Slepetys, R.A. and Morgan, L.J., submitted to TAPPI, 1989.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    Morgan, Leslie J., Levine, Steven M. and Thompson, Jacqueline S., submitted to the JCIS.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Theng, B.K.G. (1979), Formation and Properties of Clay-Polymer Complexes Elsevier Pub. Co., NY.Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    a) Kokufuta, Etsuo and Takahashi, Katsufumi (1986), Macromolecules, 19, 351–354;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. (b).
    Williams, Peter A., Harrop, Raymond and Robb, I.D. (1984), JCIS, 10, 2, 548–556.Google Scholar
  9. 6.
    Onabe, Fumihiko (1984) Mokuzai Gakkaishi, 30, 7, 553–559;Google Scholar
  10. (b).
    Onabe, Fumihiko, J.Appl’d Polymer Sci; 22, 3495–3510, 1978;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. c).
    2909–2922, 1979;Google Scholar
  12. d).
    2999–3016, 1979.Google Scholar
  13. 7.
    a) Gill, R.I.S. and Herrington, T.M. (1986), Colloids and Surfaces, 22, 51–76;Google Scholar
  14. (b).
    Gill, R.I.S. and Herrington, T.M. (1987), Colloids and Surfaces, 28, 41–52;Google Scholar
  15. (c).
    Yorke, Monica A. (1973), Polymer Sci, and Tech., 2, 93–104;Google Scholar
  16. (d).
    Kim, H.S, Lamarche, C. and Verdier, A. (1983), Colloid & Polymer Sci., 261, 64–69 (French).Google Scholar
  17. 8.
    Ueda, Toshio and Harada, Susumu (1968), J. of Applied Polymer Science, 12, 2395–2401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 9.
    Silberberg, A. (1968), J. Chem. Phys. 48 (7), 2835–2851;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. b).
    Scheutjens, J.M.H.M. and Fleer, G.S., J. Phys. Chem., (1979) 83(12),1619–1635;Google Scholar
  20. c).
    84(2), 178–190;Google Scholar
  21. (d).
    Hesselink, F.Th. (1977), JCIS, 60, 3, 448–466;Google Scholar
  22. (e).
    Silberberg, A. (1978), in Ions in Macromolecular and Biological Systems D.H. Everett and B. Vincent, eds., Scientichnica, Bristol.Google Scholar
  23. 10.
    Cosgrove, T., Vincent, B., Crowley, T.L., Cohen-Stuart, M.A. (1984) in Polymer Adsorption and Dispersion Stability E.D. Goddard and B. Vincent, eds., ACS.Google Scholar
  24. 11.
    Hogg, R. and Mirville, R.J. (1982), “Adsorption of Macromolecules at Solid-Liquid Interfaces,” presented at 56th Colloid and Surface Science Symposium, Blacksburg, Va.; Hogg, R. (1984), “Evaluation of a Macroscopic Model for Polymer Adsorption,” E.D. Goddard and B. Vincent, eds., ACS, NY.Google Scholar
  25. 12.
    Lancaster, J.E., Baccei, L. and Panzer, H.P. (1976), Polymer Letters Edition, Vol. 14, 549–554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 13.
    Marlow, B.J., Fairhurst, D. and Pendse, H.P (1988), Langmuir, 4, 61 1626.Google Scholar
  27. 14.
    Lowe, J.P. (1978), Quantum Chemistry, Academic Press; (b) Hoffman, R. Quantum Chemical Program Exchange (QCPE), 1977, 11, 344.Google Scholar
  28. 15.
    Chem-X, developed and distributed by Chemical Design Ltd, Oxford, England.Google Scholar
  29. 16.
    Burkert, U., Allinger, N.L. (1982) ACS Monograph 177.Google Scholar
  30. 17.
    a) Woodcock, L.V. Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry Plenum, N.Y. 1975, Vol.3 p.1; (b) Rahman, A., Phys Rev. Sect. A, 1964, 136, 405; (b) Stillinger, Rahman A. (1968), J. Chem. Phys. 68 (2), 666.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. J. Morgan
    • 1
  • S. M. Levine
    • 1
  • J. S. Thompson
    • 1
  1. 1.Engelhard CorporationEdisonUSA

Personalised recommendations