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Discovery of Insect Antiallatotropins

  • W. S. Bowers

Abstract

The juvenile hormones (JH) were quickly focused upon as potential insecticide substitutes because of their selective morphogenetic effects on insects and their simple chemical structures (Fig. 1). The insect molting hormones (ecdysones) have received less attention from those scientists alert to insecticidal potentials due to their complex steroidal chemistry (Fig. 1). However, some investigators have developed non-steroidal inhibitors of molting hormone synthesis which may also lead to methods of insect control (Robbins et al., 1975). The interest of agricultural scientists in hormonally based insecticides becomes clear when one considers that the juvenile hormones and analogs show a wide range of effectiveness against many insects and in addition they are nonpersistent and reasonably selective to insects. Problems of resistance in field populations have not occurred although resistance of a non-selective sort has been demonstrated in insecticide resistant laboratory cultures (Vinson and Plapp, 1974). Although JR analogs do show some ovicidal activities against certain insects (Sláma and Williams, 1966) the principle utility is their ability to interrupt metamorphosis. The juvenile hormones are present in insects throughout all life stages with the exception of those periods during which cellular differentiation is directed towards maturation to the adult stage.

Keywords

Juvenile Hormone Ovicidal Activity Juvenile Hormone Analog Segmented Tarsus Juvenile Hormone Titer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. S. Bowers
    • 1
  1. 1.New York State Agricultural Experiment StationCornell UniversityGenevaUSA

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