The Pursuit of Understanding

An Intellectual History
  • Harold M. Proshansky
Part of the Human Behavior and Environment book series (HUBE, volume 11)


I was born in New York in 1920 and was educated in public schools from kindergarten to City College, where I received my BS in 1941. In June 1942 I received my master’s degree in social psychology from Columbia University; that fall I was married to Etta Weissman.


Social Psychology Behavioral Science Place Identity Experimental Social Psychology Physical Setting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allport, G. W. (1940). The psychologist’s frame of reference. Psychological Bulletin, 37, 1–28. Altman, I. (1976). Environmental psychology and social psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2 (2), 96–113.Google Scholar
  2. Asch, S. E. (1946). Forming impressions of personality. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 41, 258–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bridgeman, P. (1927). The logic of modern physics. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Bruner, J. S., and Goodman, C. C. (1947). Value and need as organizing factors in perception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 42, 33–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Caplan, N., and Nelson, S. D. (1973). On being useful: The nature and consequences of psychological research on social problems. American Psychologist, 28 (3), 199–211.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Elms, A. C. (1975). The crisis of confidence in social psychology. American Psychologist, 30 (10), 967–976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Feshbach, S., and Singer, R. (1957). The effects of fear arousal and suppression of fear upon social perception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 55, 283–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fromme, A. (1941). On the use of certain qualitative methods of attitude research: A study of opinions on the methods of preventing war. Journal of Social Psychology, 13, 429–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gergen, K. J. (1982). Toward transformation in social knowledge. New York: Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Harding, J. S., Kutner, B., Proshansky, H. M., and Chein, I. (1954). Prejudice and ethnic relations. In G. Lindzey (Ed.), Handbook of social psychology (1st ed., Vol. II, Chapter 28, pp. 1021–1061 ). Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  11. Homey, K. (1939). New ways in psychoanalysis. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., Inc.Google Scholar
  12. Katz, D. (1972). Some final considerations about experimentation in social psychology. In C. McClintock (Ed.), Experimental social psychology (pp. 549–561 ). New York: Holt, Rinehart andWinston.Google Scholar
  13. Kelman, H. C., and Hoveland, C. I. (1953). “Reinstatement” of the communicator in delayed measurement of opinion change. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 48,327–335.Google Scholar
  14. Klineberg, O. et al. (1957). On race and intelligence. World mental health, 9, 87–89.Google Scholar
  15. Koffka, K. (1935). Principles of gestalt psychology. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.Google Scholar
  16. Kohler, W. (1929). Gestalt psychology. New York: Liveright.Google Scholar
  17. Lewin, K. (1935). A dynamic theory of personality. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  18. Lewin, K. (1946). Action research and minority problems. Journal of Social Issues, 2, 34–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lewin, K. (1951). Field theory in social science. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
  20. McClelland, D. C., and Atkinson, J. A. (1948). The projective expression of needs: The effect of different intensities of the hunger drive on perception. Journal of Psychology, 25, 205–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. McGuire, W. J. (1957). Order of presentation as a factor in “conditioning” persuasiveness. InC. I. Hoveland (Ed.), Order of presentation of persuasion (pp. 98–114). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  22. McGuire, W. J. (1969). Nature of attitudes and attitude change. In G. Lindzey, and E. Aronson (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology ( 2nd ed., pp. 136–314 ). Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  23. Murphy, G. (1947). Personality: A biosocial approach to origin and structure. New York: Harper and Row.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Orne, M. T., and Holland, C. C. (1968). On the ecological validity of laboratory deceptions. International Journal of Psychiatry, 6, 282–293.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Proshansky, H. M. (1943). A projective method for the study of attitudes. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38, 393–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Proshansky, H. M. (1972). Foreword. In C. McClintock (Ed.), Experimental social psychology (pp. vii-ix). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  27. Proshansky, H. M. (1976). Environmental psychology and the real world. American Psychologist, 3 (4), 303–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Proshansky, H. M. (1978). The city and self-identity. Environment and Behavior, 10 (2), 147–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Proshansky, H. M., and Murphy, G. (1942). The effects of reward and punishment on perception. Journal of Psychology, 13, 295–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Proshansky, H. M., Fabian, A. K., and Kaminoff, R. (1983). Place-identity: Physical world socialization of the self. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3, 57–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rosenthal, R. (1966). Experimenter effects in behavioral research. New York: Appleton.Google Scholar
  32. Silverman, I. (1971). Crisis in social psychology: The relevance of relevance. American Psychologist, 26 (6), 583–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Whyte, W. H. (1988). City: Rediscovering the center. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  34. Wohlwill, J., and Carson, D. H. (1972). Environment and behavioral science: retrospect and prospect. In J. Wohlwill and D. H. Carson (Eds.), Environment and the social sciences: Perspectives and applications (pp. 293–300 ). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold M. Proshansky
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Psychology ProgramThe Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations