• Irwin Altman
  • Kathleen Christensen
Part of the Human Behavior and Environment book series (HUBE, volume 11)


The field of environment and behavior studies occupies a special niche on the intellectual scene. Interdisciplinary by nature, and spanning several social science and environmental design fields, this problem-focused discipline emerged, partially by intent and partially by accident, in the 1960s and 1970s. Its sources were many. At the societal level, an array of social and political problems focused attention on the physical environment and human affairs. Ferment surrounded issues such as war and peace, civil rights, sexual liberation, education, and the environment. In fact, the first Earth Day in the spring of 1970 galvanized public activity on environmental concerns as diverse as air, water and land pollution, toxic waste disposal, desecration of the natural landscape, urban decay, crime, suburban sprawl, unsatisfactory housing for the poor and elderly, and so on.


Personal Life Behavior Study Intellectual History Behavior Field Landscape Architecture 
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  1. Moore, G. T. (1987). Environment and behavior research in North America: History, developments and unsolved issues. In D. Stokols & I. Altman (Eds.), Handbook of environmental psychology (pp. 1259–1410 ). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  2. Proshansky, H. M., & Altman, I. (1979). Overview of the field. In W. P. White (Ed.), Resources in environment and behavior (pp. 3–36 ) Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  3. Stokols, D. (Ed.). (1977). Perspectives on environment and behavior. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  4. Stokols, D., & Altman, I. (Eds.). (1987). Handbook of environmental psychology. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irwin Altman
    • 1
  • Kathleen Christensen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.The Graduate School and University CenterCity University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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