Dispersion Modelling Studies in Some Major Urban Areas of the UK

  • M. L. Williams
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 3)


This paper presents an overview of some recent dispersion modelling work carried out at Warren Spring Laboratory (WSL), Department of Industry, and describes the more important features and results rather than giving a detailed description of each of the applications. The use of long and short period Gaussian plume models to London and Glasgow is discussed and the results are compared with measurements carried out in these areas. The use of acoustic sounder (SODAR) data to provide input data of particular use in dispersion modelling calculations of hourly average concentrations is also described.


Wind Speed Emission Inventory Downwind Distance Ground Level Concentration Acoustic Sounder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. L. Williams et al, “The Measurement and Prediction of Smoke and Sulphur Dioxide in the East Strathclyde Region: Final Report”, WSL Report, to be published, 1982 ).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. W. C. Keddie et al., “The Measurement Assessment and Prediction of Air Pollution in the Forth Valley of Scotland - Final Report”, Stevenage, WSL Report No. LR 279 (AP) (1978).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. Pasquill, “Atmospheric Diffusion”, Ellis Horwood, (1974).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Department of Energy, “Heat Loads in British Cities”, Energy Paper No. 34, HMSO, London (1979).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Turner, “Workbook of Atmospheric Dispersion Estimates”, US Dept. of Health and Welfare, (1969).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. J. Apling et al, “The High Pollution Episode in London, December 1975”, Stevenage, WSL Report No. LR 263 (AP), (1977).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. J. Ball and S. W. Radcliffe, “An Inventory of SO2 Emissions to London’s Air”, GLC Research Report No. 23, London, (1979).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Benarie, “Urban Air Pollution Modelling”, McMillan, London (1980).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. M. Rote, in “Atmospherip Planetary Boundary Layer Physics, ed., A. Longhetto ), Elsevier, Amsterdam, (1980).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    AMS Committee on Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion, Bull. Am. Meteor. Soc., 59 (8), 1025–1026, (1978).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. L. McElroy and F. Pooler, “St. Louis Dispersion Study Vols I and II”, US Dept. of Health, Eduction and Welfare, (1968).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. D. Busse and J. R. Zimmerman, “User’s Guide for the Climatological Dispersion Model”, EPA Report No. EPA-RA-73–024 USA, (1973).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. A. Briggs in “Lectures on Air Pollution and Environmental Impact Analysis”, American Meteor. Soc., (1975).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. J. Moore, “Calculation of ground level concentration for different sampling periods and source locations”, in Atmospheric Pollution, Elsevier, Amsterdam, (1976).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. H. Clarke (Chairman), “A Model for Short and Medium Range Dispersion for Radionuclides Released to the Atmosphere, National Radiological Protection Board Report NRPB-R91, (1979).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. A. Maughan, “Frequency of potential contributions by major sources to ground level concentrations of SO.) in the Forth Valley, Scotland”, Atm. Environ., 13, t697–1706, (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. A. Maughan, A. M. Spanton and M. L. Williams, “An Analysis of the frequency distribution of SODAR derived mixing heights classified by atmospheric stability”. To be published in Atmos. Environ., (1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Warren Spring LaboratoryStevenageUK

Personalised recommendations