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Cancellation

  • Martin Harwit

Abstract

On December 8, 1994, when I was away from Washington at a meeting in Europe, Connie Newman and Mark Rodgers, head of Smithsonian government affairs, met with Herman Harrington, and Hugh Dagley, of the American Legion. Rodgers recalls that Newman was worried that the new Congress might wish to hold hearings on the exhibition, and hoped to enlist the Legion’s help in avoiding them. The Legionnaires apparently were willing to help; but in return, and before they recommended withdrawal of the Legion’s condemnation, they expected to see all video-film footage and other materials that would be part of the Last Act exhibition. Since the Legion was to convene in Washington on February 5, 1995, they would need to review those materials by mid-January.1

Keywords

Smithsonian Institution Atomic Bomb Vice President American Historian Pearl Harbor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Mark Rodgers, conversation with Martin Harwit, notes, September 19, 1995, MH. Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sam Johnson, Peter Blute, Henry Bonilla, Ralph Hall, Randy “Duke” Cunningham, Robert K. Dornan, and Duncan Hunter, letter to I. Michael Heyman, December 13, 1994, AFA, The Enola Gay Debate, Congress, May 1995. Edwin Bearss in an interview with Uday Mohan, April 11, 1995, MH. Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Julie A. Rhoad, “The Proposed Enola Gay Exhibit, Is It An Accurate Portrayal of History?” American Legion Auxiliary National News (January/February 1995): 12.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hubert Dagley II, letter to National Commander’s Advisory Committee, December 2, 1994. I thank Mr. Dagley for making a copy of this document available to me with an explanatory letter on May 7, 1996. MH. Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    William M. Detweiler, to National Commander’s Advisory Committee, Memorandum on “Recommended Final Position on NASM Display,” January 4, 1995, AFA, The Enola Gay Debate, Key Documents, May 1995.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    William M. Detweiler to Department Commanders and Adjutants, Memorandum on “National Air and Space Museum Exhibit,” January 18, 1995, AFA, The Enola Gay Debate, Key Documents, May 1995.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    I. Michael Heyman, letter to Sam Johnson, January 4, 1995, AFA, The Enola Gay Debate, Congress, May 1995.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mike Heyman, Memorandum on “Exhibition and Public Programming Review,” January 9, 1995. Martin Harwit to Mike Heyman, Memorandum on “Letter on Exhibition and Public Programming Review,” January 9, 1995, NASM/MH. Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Martin Harwit to Mike Heyman, Memorandum on “Sen. Hatfield’s Exhibition on Hiroshima,” January 9, 1995, NASM/MH. Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Martin Harwit, letter to Hubert R. Dagley II, January 9, 1995, NASM/MH. Google Scholar
  11. 11a.
    William M. Detweiler, “Position Statement of The American Legion Concerning The National Air and Space Museum Exhibit Entitled “The Last Act: The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II,” January 18, 1995, AFA, The Enola Gay Debate, Key Documents, May 1995;Google Scholar
  12. 11b.
    William M. Detweiler, “Background and Status: The American Legion Position on “The Last Act: The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II,” January 18, 1995, AFA, The Enola Gay Debate, Key Documents, May 1995.Google Scholar
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    See note 3.Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    See note 11.Google Scholar
  15. 14.
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  17. 16.
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  18. 17.
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  19. 18.
    Michael Kilian, “Smithsonian puts Enola Gay display on hold,” Chicago Tribune, January 21, 1995.Google Scholar
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  21. 20.
    Congressman Sam Johnson, press release, January 19, 1995, AFA, The Enola Gay Debate, Key Documents, May 1995.Google Scholar
  22. 21.
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  24. 23.
    Rowan Scarborough, “Hearings planned on WWII exhibit,” Washington Times, January 20, 1995, p. A1Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    Congressman Gerald B. Solomon, letter to Martin Harwit, January 20, 1995, NASM/MH. Google Scholar
  26. 25.
    Letter from 81 Members of the House of Representative to I. Michael Heyman, January 24, 1995, AFA, The Enola Gay Debate, Congress, May 1995.Google Scholar
  27. 26.
    I. Michael Heyman, conversation with Martin Harwit, notes, January 28, 1995, MH. Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    Laurie Kellman, “Clinton firm on backing use of A-bomb,” Washington Times, Wednesday, April 19, 1995, p. A10.Google Scholar
  29. 28.
    Wendell Phillippi, “Japan was anticipating annihilation,” World War II Times (December 1994/January 1995).Google Scholar
  30. 29.
    Greg Pierce, “Under siege, Postal Service agrees to cancel A-bomb stamp,” Washington Times, December 9, 1994, p. A10.Google Scholar
  31. 30.
    R.E. Smith, letter to Sen. Thad Cochran, January 25, 1995, AFA Key Documents, May 1995.Google Scholar
  32. 31.
    Roy K. Flint, letter to Chief Justice Rehnquist, January 26, 1995, NASM/MH. Google Scholar
  33. 32.
    Eric Foner, Gary B. Nash, and Michael Kammen, letter to Chief Justice Rehnquist, January 27, 1995, NASM/MH. Google Scholar
  34. 33.
    George F. Will, “The Real State of the Union,” Washington Post, January 26, 1995, p. A25.Google Scholar
  35. 34.
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  37. 36.
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  38. 37.
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  39. 38.
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  40. 39.
    James Kuhnhenn, “Museum scales back Enola Gay exhibit,” Kansas City Star, January 31, 1995, p. A1; Andrea Stone, “Hiroshima display ends in rancor,” USA Today, January 31, 1995, p. 1A.Google Scholar
  41. 40.
    See note 5.Google Scholar
  42. 41.
    See note 3.Google Scholar
  43. 42.
    Preble Stolz, “Report to Secretary I. Michael Heyman concerning the Enola Gay Exhibition,” January 26, 1995, page 18. In author’s possession.Google Scholar
  44. 43.
    Paul W. Tibbets, Jr., “Our Job was to Win,” American Legion Magazine, November 1994, p. 29. (See also news release, Airmen Memorial Museum, June 8, 1994).Google Scholar
  45. 44.
    Eugene L. Meyer, “Smithsonian Stands Firm On A-Bomb Exhibit,” Washington Post, January 19, 1995, p. C3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Harwit

There are no affiliations available

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