Individual Differences in Dynamic Process Asymmetries in the Normal and Pathological Brain

  • John H. Gruzelier
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 130)


Dynamic concepts of brain function have played an important role in the history of neuropsychology. They were integral to Holism, a nineteenth century school of thought which had its origins in the empirical studies of Flourens (1794–1869), who deduced from extirpation experiments with birds that individual areas had specific effects (‘action propre’) but also generalised influences, such that the removal of any part affects every other part (‘action commune’). This dynamic view was upheld by Lashley (1929) who proposed principles of mass action and equipotentiality from evidence that learning impairments in rats were inversely related to the extent of the brain tissue destroyed (mass action), but the precise location of the destruction was unimportant because of an equivalence of function (equipotentiality). Later Luria (1973) introduced the concept of a functional system whereby complex processes involve integrative participation of widespread regions, the involvement of which could alter with maturation (Vygotsky, 1963).


Left Hemisphere Electrodermal Response Skin Conductance Level Electrodermal Activity Hemispheric Activation 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Gruzelier
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryCharing Cross and Westminster Medical SchoolLondonUK

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