Symbolism and Chance

  • John Maynard Smith


Perhaps the hardest concept in science for most of us to think about is that of randomness. The theme of this essay is that the difficulty arises because of a conflict between thinking in terms of probabilities and another kind of thinking which I shall call symbolic, but which could as well be called analogical.


Scientific Theory Moral Belief Large Carnivore Symbolic Meaning Literal Sense 
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Copyright information

© John Maynard Smith 1988

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  • John Maynard Smith

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