The Evolution of Animal Intelligence

  • John Maynard Smith


The last twenty years has seen a major effort, theoretical and observational, to understand the evolution of animal societies. In this essay, I first discuss what level of intelligence is assumed in our theories, and what level is revealed by our observations. I then ask what qualitative differences exist between animal and human societies, and in what ways these differences depend on human intelligence.


Nash Equilibrium Social Contract Payoff Matrix Evolutionary Game Theory Howler Monkey 
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© John Maynard Smith 1988

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  • John Maynard Smith

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