Studies of Forced Convection Heat Transfer to Helium I

  • C. Johannes
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 17)


The development of helium I forced-convection heat transfer systems can be an important key to solving some of the problems that superconducting magnet designers are now facing. Some of the advantages compared with conventional systems are (1) high heat transfer coefficients, (2) simple cryostat design, (3) modest refrigeration requirements (refrigerator directly coupled to magnet coils), (4) cooldown operations considerably simplified, and (5) electrical insulation problems eliminated (due to a more rigid construction).


Heat Transfer Heat Flux Heat Transfer Coefficient Nusselt Number Test Section 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Johannes
    • 1
  1. 1.L’Air LiquideCentre d ‘Etudes CryogeniquesSassenageFrance

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